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Apidra (Insulin Glulisine) - Summary



APIDRA™ (insulin glulisine [rDNA origin]) is a human insulin analog that is a rapid-acting, parenteral blood glucose lowering agent. Insulin glulisine is produced by recombinant DNA technology utilizing a non-pathogenic laboratory strain of Escherichia coli (K12). Insulin glulisine differs from human insulin in that the amino acid asparagine at position B3 is replaced by lysine and the lysine in position B29 is replaced by glutamic acid.

APIDRA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with diabetes mellitus for the control of hyperglycemia.

APIDRA has a more rapid onset of action and a shorter duration of action than regular human insulin. APIDRA should normally be used in regimens that include a longer-acting insulin or basal insulin analog. (See WARNINGS and DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.)

APIDRA may also be infused subcutaneously by external insulin infusion pumps. (See WARNINGS, PRECAUTIONS, Usage in Pumps, Information for Patients, Mixing of Insulins, DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION, RECOMMENDED STORAGE.)

See all Apidra indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Apidra (Insulin Glulisine)

A single-dose pilot trial of intranasal rapid-acting insulin in apolipoprotein E4 carriers with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease. [2014]
glulisine in ApoE4 carriers with mild-moderate AD... CONCLUSION: Larger clinical trials of longer duration are necessary to better

Effects of initiation and titration of a single pre-prandial dose of insulin glulisine while continuing titrated insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes: a 6-month 'proof-of-concept' study. [2011.11]
AIM: Stepwise intensification of insulin treatment to match the progressive decline of endogenous insulin secretion has been shown to be an effective management strategy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The efficacy of initiating and titrating a single bolus dose of insulin glulisine to baseline insulin glargine plus oral hypoglycaemic agents (OHAs) was investigated... CONCLUSIONS: In people with T2DM inadequately controlled on basal insulin plus OHAs, adding a single injection of insulin glulisine prior to the main meal significantly improves glucose control without undesired side effects. (c) 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Insulin glulisine compared to insulin aspart and to insulin lispro administered by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. [2011.06]
BACKGROUND: In a previous pilot study comparing insulin glulisine (GLU) with insulin aspart (ASP) administered by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII), GLU-treated patients did show a trend toward fewer catheter occlusions compared with ASP-treated patients. Here we performed a randomized open-label, three-way crossover, controlled multicenter study comparing GLU with ASP and insulin lispro (LIS)... CONCLUSIONS: GLU was not superior to ASP and LIS with no significant difference seen among GLU, ASP, and LIS in CSII use with respect to unexplained hyperglycemia and/or perceived catheter set occlusion. GLU was associated with a higher frequency of symptomatic hypoglycemia, possibly because of slight overdosing, as previous trials suggested lower insulin requirements when GLU is initiated in type 1 diabetes.

Effects of insulin and oral anti-diabetic agents on glucose metabolism, vascular dysfunction and skeletal muscle inflammation in type 2 diabetic subjects. [2011.05]
BACKGROUND: To test potential differences between the actions of anti-diabetic medications, we examined the effects of oral hypoglycaemic agents versus glargine-apidra insulin therapy in T2DM... CONCLUSIONS: Oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin therapy treated patients achieved adequate glycemic control and the effects on circulating and muscle inflammatory biomarkers were similar, but only oral hypoglycaemic agents improved insulin sensitivity, vascular function and carotid intimal media thickness. These findings in a small sample suggest that the use of oral hypoglycaemic agents provides additional benefits to patients with T2DM. Copyright (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

A stepwise approach to insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and basal insulin treatment failure. [2011.05]
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 1 or 2 preprandial injections before the meals of greatest glycemic impact can be as effective as 3 preprandial injections in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and basal insulin treatment failure... CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence that initiation of prandial insulin in a simplified stepwise approach is an effective alternative to the current routine 3 preprandial injection basal-bolus approach.

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Clinical Trials Related to Apidra (Insulin Glulisine)

Comparison of Apidra to Regular Insulin in Hospitalized Patients [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to compare Apidra (a rapid acting insulin analogue) with Regular insulin (fast acting) in addition to the use of long acting insulin Glargine in hospitalized patients in terms of efficacy and safety in blood glucose control and frequency of low blood glucose. Blood glucose control along with incidence and rate of low blood glucose during the hospitalization shall be of primary interest; length of hospital stay comparing the short acting insulin used shall be the secondary interest.

Insulin Glargine "All to Target" Trial [Completed]
The primary objectives were:

- To demonstrate the superiority of Lantus plus stepwise addition of mealtime Apidra

(Lantus/Apidra-3) versus twice-daily Premixed insulin based on the proportion of patients achieving target glycemic control (as measured by hemoglobin A1c [HbA1c] <7. 0%) at Week 60

- To demonstrate the noninferiority of Lantus plus addition of 1 mealtime Apidra

injection (Lantus/Apidra-1) versus twice-daily Premixed insulin based on the reduction from Baseline to Week 60 in HbA1c

Treatment Satisfaction of Insulin Glargine Plus Insulin Apidra Compared With NPH Insulin Plus Insulin Apidra in Recently Diagnosed Type 1 Diabetes Children and Adolescents [Terminated]
A randomized, crossover, open study in order to compare treatment satisfaction with insulin Glargine plus insulin Apidra Vs NPH insulin plus insulin Apidra in newly diagnosed children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. The study will include two consecutive periods: 2 weeks run in period and 24 weeks intervention period, divided into two separate treatment periods of 12 weeks. According to randomization, each patient will be treated consecutively with both treatment arms: 12 weeks with insulin Glargine and than 12 weeks with NPH insulin or 12 weeks with insulin NPH ad than 12 weeks with insulin Glargine. Patients will complete DTSQ (Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire) at months 0, 12 and 24 weeks, before and at the end of each study arm.

Expanded PK and PD of Insulin Glulisine Versus Insulin Aspart in Healthy Volunteers [Completed]
The purpose of this study was to compare the pharmacodynamics (course of the blood glucose-lowering effect and duration of effect) and pharmacokinetics (course of the concentration of study medication in the blood) of a single subcutaneous dose of 0. 2 units/kg of insulin glulisine and insulin aspart in a direct head-to-head comparison during two euglycemic glucose clamps in healthy subjects.

The Effect of Insulin Glulisine Compared With Insulin Aspart on Breakfast Post Prandial Glucose Levels in Prepubertal Children [Completed]
To determine whether insulin glulisine decreases the breakfast post prandial glycemic excursion in comparison to insulin aspart.

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Reports of Suspected Apidra (Insulin Glulisine) Side Effects

Blood Glucose Increased (77)Product Quality Issue (36)Hypoglycaemia (34)Hyperglycaemia (26)Blood Glucose Decreased (22)Visual Impairment (22)Diabetic Ketoacidosis (21)Malaise (17)Confusional State (16)Drug Ineffective (16)more >>

Page last updated: 2015-08-10

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