Peliosis hepatis, a condition in which liver and sometimes splenic tissue is replaced with blood-filled cysts, has been reported in patients receiving androgenic anabolic steroid therapy. These cysts are sometimes present with minimal hepatic dysfunction, but at other times they have been associated with liver failure. They are often not recognized until life-threatening liver failure or intra-abdominal hemorrhage develops. Withdrawal of drug usually results in complete disappearance of lesions.
Liver cell tumors are also reported. Most often these tumors are benign and androgen-dependent, but fatal malignant tumors have been reported. Withdrawal of drug often results in regression or cessation of progression of the tumor. However, hepatic tumors associated with androgens or anabolic steroids are much more vascular than other hepatic tumors and may be silent until life-threatening intra-abdominal hemorrhage develops.
Blood lipid changes that are known to be associated with increased risk of atherosclerosis are seen in patients treated with androgens and anabolic steroids. These changes include decreased high density lipoprotein and sometimes increased low density lipoprotein. The changes may be very marked and could have a serious impact on the risk of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease.
50 mg Tablets
ANADROL® (oxymetholone) Tablets for oral administration each contain 50 mg of the steroid oxymetholone, a potent anabolic and androgenic drug.
ANADROL®-50 Tablets is indicated in the treatment of anemias caused by deficient red cell production. Acquired aplastic anemia, congenital aplastic anemia, myelofibrosis and the hypoplastic anemias due to the administration of myelotoxic drugs often respond. ANADROL®-50 Tablets should not replace other supportive measures such as transfusion, correction of iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 or pyridoxine deficiency, antibacterial therapy and the appropriate use of corticosteroids.
Published Studies Related to Anadrol (Oxymetholone)
The efficacy of oxymetholone in combination with erythropoietin on hematologic parameters and muscle mass in CAPD patients. [2010.12]
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of oxymetholone, an androgenic steroid, in combination with rHuEPO on hematologic and muscle mass in CAPD patients... CONCLUSIONS: Oxymetholone significantly enhances the erythropoietic effects of rHuEPO and improves the nutritional status of CAPD patients. However, significant increases in liver enzymes need to be monitored closely.
Oxymetholone ameliorates insulin sensitivity in maintenance hemodialysis patients: a randomized controlled trial. [2009.04]
AIMS: To investigate the beneficial effects of oral oxymetholone on IR in hemodialysis (HD) patients by increasing skeletal muscle function and stimulating myocyte glucose uptake and metabolism... CONCLUSION: HD patients treated with short-term oral oxymetholone showed an increase in insulin sensitivity when compared to the placebo group, and this effect depended on changes in FFM and FM.
Oxymetholone for the treatment of HIV-wasting: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase III trial in eugonadal men and women. [2003.05]
CONCLUSION: Oxymetholone can be considered an effective anabolic steroid in eugonadal male and female patients with AIDS-associated wasting. The bid (100 mg/day) regimen appeared to be equally effective to the tid (150 mg/day) regimen in terms of weight gain, LBM, and BCM and was associated with less liver toxicity.
Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled phase III trial of oxymetholone for the treatment of HIV wasting. [2003.03.28]
BACKGROUND: Despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), chronic involuntary weight loss still remains a serious problem in the care of HIV patients. Various alterations in energy metabolism and endocrine regulation have been found to cause loss of lean body mass (LBM) and body cell mass (BCM). Previous studies in HIV-positive men undergoing androgen replacement therapy or treatment with recombinant growth hormone (rGH) have shown partial restoration of LBM, but these treatments have largely been ineffective in eugonadal individuals... CONCLUSIONS: Oxymetholone can be considered an effective anabolic steroid in eugonadal male and female patients with AIDS-associated wasting. The BID (100 mg/day) regimen appeared to be equally effective as the TID (150 mg/day) regimen in terms of weight gain, LBM and BCM and was associated with less, but still significant liver toxicity.
Oxymetholone promotes weight gain in patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) infection. [1996.01]
The effect of the testosterone derivative oxymetholone alone or in combination with the H1-receptor antagonist ketotifen, which has recently been shown to block tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), on weight gain and performance status in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients with chronic cachexia was evaluated in a 30-week prospective pilot study...
Clinical Trials Related to Anadrol (Oxymetholone)
Safety and Efficacy Trial of Danazol in Patients With Fanconi Anemia or Dyskeratosis Congenita [Terminated]
Fanconi anemia (FA) and Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) are inherited bone marrow failure
syndromes. The current androgen treatments (e. g., oxymetholone) used to treat FA and DC can
cause unwanted masculinizing side effects, indicating a need for a different medication.
Danazol is a less potent androgen,and may therefore have fewer masculinizing side effects.
Danazol is currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of
other diseases, but it has never been studied in patients with FA and DC.
The main purpose of this study is to see if danazol is a safe treatment for FA and DC.
Specifically,we would like to determine:
- the best dose of danazol;
- how fast hemoglobin (a protein that carries oxygen in the blood) levels rise in FA and
DC patients receiving danazol therapy; and
- the genetic pattern (known as expression profile) of certain cells in response to
danazol, which can predict how well people respond to the medication.
Subjects who enroll in the study will be treated with danazol for up to 24 weeks (about 6
months), and will have up to 11 study visits, including followup visits at 38 weeks (9
months) and 52 weeks (one year).
Page last updated: 2011-12-09