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Ampicillin and Sulbactam (Ampicillin Sodium / Sulbactam Sodium) - Summary



Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP is a sterile injectable antibacterial combination consisting of the semisynthetic antibiotic ampicillin sodium and the beta-lactamase inhibitor sulbactam sodium for intravenous and intramuscular administration. Ampicillin sodium is derived from the penicillin nucleus, 6-aminopenicillanic acid.

Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP is indicated for the treatment of infections due to susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below.

Skin and Skin Structure Infections caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus , Escherichia coli,* Klebsiella spp.* (including K. pneumoniae * ), Proteus mirabilis,* Bacteroides fragilis ,* Enterobacter spp.,* and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus.*

NOTE: For information on use in pediatric patients see PRECAUTIONS - Pediatric Use and CLINICAL STUDIES sections.

Intra-Abdominal Infections caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella spp. (including K. pneumoniae * ), Bacteroides spp. (including B. fragilis), and Enterobacter spp.*

Gynecological Infections caused by beta-lactamase producing strains of Escherichia coli, * and Bacteroides spp.* (including B. fragilis * ).

*Efficacy for this organism in this organ system was studied in fewer than 10 infections.

While Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP is indicated only for the conditions listed above, infections caused by ampicillin-susceptible organisms are also amenable to treatment with Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP due to its ampicillin content. Therefore, mixed infections caused by ampicillin-susceptible organisms and beta-lactamase producing organisms susceptible to Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP should not require the addition of another antibiotic.

Appropriate culture and susceptibility tests should be performed before treatment in order to isolate and identify the organisms causing infection and to determine their susceptibility to Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP.

Therapy may be instituted prior to obtaining the results from bacteriological and susceptibility studies, when there is reason to believe the infection may involve any of the beta-lactamase producing organisms listed above in the indicated organ systems. Once the results are known, therapy should be adjusted if appropriate.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP and other antibacterial drugs, Ampicillin and Sulbactam for Injection, USP should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.

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Published Studies Related to Ampicillin and Sulbactam (Ampicillin / Sulbactam)

A prospective, multi centre, randomized clinical study to compare the efficacy and safety of Ertapenem 3 days versus Ampicillin-Sulbactam 3 days in the treatment of localized community acquired intra-abdominal infection. (T.E.A. Study: Three days Ertapenem vs three days Ampicillin-sulbactam). [2011.04.18]
BACKGROUND: The recommendations outlined in the latest guidelines published by the Surgical Infection Society (SIS) and the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) regarding the proper duration of antibiotic therapy in patients with intra-abdominal infections are limited and non-specific.

Ampicillin/sulbactam versus cefuroxime as antimicrobial prophylaxis for cesarean delivery: a randomized study. [2010.11.30]
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of a single dose of ampicillin/sulbactam compared to a single dose of cefuroxime at cord clamp for prevention of post-cesarean infectious morbidity has not been assessed... CONCLUSIONS: Ampicillin/sulbactam was as safe and effective as cefuroxime when administered for the prevention of infections following cesarean delivery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01138852.

Piperacillin/tazobactam plus ceftazidime versus sulbactam/ampicillin plus aztreonam as empirical therapy for fever in severely neutropenic pediatric patients. [2009.04]
CONCLUSIONS: PIPC/TAZ+CAZ and SBT/ABPC+AZT are effective and safe for initial empirical treatment of febrile episodes in neutropenic pediatric patients. The clinical efficacy of SBT/ABPC+AZT is equivalent or superior to that of PIPC/TAZ+CAZ, the effect of which is already proven against febrile neutropenia. Therefore, SBT/ABPC+AZT may be a treatment of choice for febrile neutropenia in pediatric cancer patients.

High-dose ampicillin-sulbactam as an alternative treatment of late-onset VAP from multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. [2007]
The increased incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients poses a severe therapeutic problem. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2 high-dose treatment regimens of ampicillin-sulbactam (A/S) for MDR Acinetobacter baumannii VAP...

The value of chemoprophylaxis against Enterococcus species in elective cholecystectomy: a randomized study of cefuroxime vs ampicillin-sulbactam. [2006.12]
HYPOTHESIS: Cephalosporins are widely used and considered to be effective as prophylaxis in biliary surgery. Nevertheless, they lack activity against enterococci. We conducted a study to compare the efficacy of ampicillin-sulbactam vs cefuroxime in preventing surgical site infections following elective cholecystectomy... CONCLUSIONS: A single dose of ampicillin-sulbactam favored better compared with cefuroxime for prevention of postoperative surgical site infections due to Enterococcus species after elective cholecystectomy. Ampicillin-sulbactam may be a better agent for antimicrobial prophylaxis in high-risk patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy, especially in a setting where the incidence of enterococcal infections is higher.

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Clinical Trials Related to Ampicillin and Sulbactam (Ampicillin / Sulbactam)

Pharmacokinetic (PK) and Pharmacodynamic (PD) Modeling of Ampicillin and Gentamicin in Peripartum Patients [Not yet recruiting]
This study proposes to compare the metabolism of Ampicillin and Gentamicin by pregnant women to that of non-pregnant women; the placental transfer over time; and the subsequent metabolism of the transferred drug(s) in the neonate.

Ampicillin for DYT-1 Dystonia Motor Symptoms [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate if the antibiotic Ampicillin is safe and tolerated in patients that have generalized dystonia caused by the DYT-1 gene mutation, as compared to patients treated with a placebo. A placebo is a pill that looks and tastes the same as the real drug, but without the active ingredient. The second objective of this study is to determine if dystonia symptoms improve while on the study drug.

Concentration of Ampicillin / Sulbactam and Amoxicillin / Clavulanic Acid in the Blood During Renal Replacement Therapy in Longterm Renal Replacement Therapy Patients [Active, not recruiting]
The study will be conducted to investigate the pharmacokinetics of ampicillin / sulbactam and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid during intermittent haemodialysis.

Study to Proof the Clinical and Bacteriological Non-inferiority of Ampicillin/Amoxicillin Versus Moxifloxacin in Hospitalized Patients With Non-severe Community-acquired Pneumonia [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to prove the clinical and bacteriological non-inferiority of ampicillin/amoxicillin versus moxifloxacin in hospitalized patients with non-severe community-acquired pneumonia.

Ampicillin/Sulbactam Versus Cefuroxime as Antimicrobial Prophylaxis for Cesarean Section [Completed]
The efficacy and safety of a single dose of ampicillin/sulbactam compared to a single dose of cefuroxime at cord clamp for prevention of postcesarean infectious morbidity has not been assessed. Women scheduled for cesarean delivery were randomized to receive a single dose of either 3g of ampicillin-sulbactam or 1. 5g of cefuroxime intravenously, after umbilical cord clamping. An evaluation for development of postoperative infections and risk factor analysis was performed.

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Reports of Suspected Ampicillin and Sulbactam (Ampicillin / Sulbactam) Side Effects

Enterocolitis Haemorrhagic (14)Culture Stool Positive (9)Klebsiella Infection (6)Urinary Tract Infection (6)Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (6)Diarrhoea (6)Klebsiella Test Positive (6)Phimosis (5)Rash (5)Pyrexia (4)more >>

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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