Amphotericin B Cholesteryl Sulfate
Complex for Injection
AMPHOTEC® is a sterile, pyrogen-free, lyophilized powder for reconstitution and intravenous (IV) administration. AMPHOTEC consists of a 1:1 (molar ratio) complex of amphotericin B and cholesteryl sulfate. Upon reconstitution, AMPHOTEC forms a colloidal dispersion of microscopic disc-shaped particles. Note: Liposomal encapsulation or incorporation into a lipid complex can substantially affect a drug’s functional properties relative to those of the unencapsulated drug or non-lipid associated drug. In addition, different liposomal or lipid-complex products with a common active ingredient may vary from one another in the chemical composition and physical form of the lipid component. Such differences may affect the functional properties of these drug products. Amphotericin B is an antifungal polyene antibiotic produced by a strain of Streptomyces nodosus. Amphotericin B, which is the established name for [1R (1 R *,3 S *,5 R *,6 R *,9 R *,11 R *, 15 S *,16 R *,17 R *,18 S *,19 E,21 E,23 E,25 E,27 E,29 E,31 E,33 R *,35 S *,36 R *,37 S *)]-33-[(3-Amino-3,6-dideoxy- ß -D-mannopyranosyl)oxy]-1,3,5,6,9,11,17,37-octahydroxy-15,16,18-trimethyl-13-oxo-14,39-dioxabicyclo[33.3.
AMPHOTEC is indicated for the treatment of invasive aspergillosis in patients where renal impairment or unacceptable toxicity precludes the use of amphotericin B deoxycholate in effective doses, and in patients with invasive aspergillosis where prior amphotericin B deoxycholate therapy has failed.
Published Studies Related to Amphotec (Amphotericin B)
Economic evaluation of caspofungin versus liposomal amphotericin B for empirical antifungal therapy in patients with persistent fever and neutropenia in Sweden. [2011.07]
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of caspofungin versus liposomal amphotericin B (L-AmB) for empirical antifungal therapy in patients with persistent fever and neutropenia in Sweden... CONCLUSION: Given the underlying assumptions and data used, caspofungin is expected to be cost-effective with at least comparable outcomes compared to L-AmB for the empirical treatment of patients with suspected fungal infections in Sweden.
Safety and efficacy of miltefosine alone and in combination with sodium stibogluconate and liposomal amphotericin B for the treatment of primary visceral leishmaniasis in East Africa: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. [2011.06.30]
BACKGROUND: Treatment options for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in East Africa are far from satisfactory due to cost, toxicity, prolonged treatment duration or emergence of parasite resistance... The design allows repeated testing throughout the trial recruitment period while maintaining good statistical properties (Type I & II error rates) and reducing the expected sample sizes.
Single-dose liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome(R)) for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in East Africa: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. [2011.03.06]
BACKGROUND: AmBisome(R) is an efficacious, safe anti-leishmanial treatment. There is growing interest in its use, either as a single dose or in combination treatments... Results will inform the design of combination treatment studies.
Addition of aerosolized deoxycholate amphotericin B to systemic prophylaxis to prevent airways invasive fungal infections in allogeneic hematopoietic SCT: a single-center retrospective study. [2011.01]
Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) still pose major challenges in allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT), and effective antifungal prophylaxis remains a matter of debate. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the toxicity and the impact of aerosolized deoxycholate amphotericin B (aero-d-AmB) on respiratory tract IFIs (airways IFIs) in a homogeneous cohort of allogeneic HSCT patients, transplanted at one institution...
Intrapulmonary disposition of amphotericin B after aerosolized delivery of amphotericin B lipid complex (Abelcet; ABLC) in lung transplant recipients. [2010.12.15]
BACKGROUND: Inhaled amphotericin preparations have been used for prophylaxis against invasive aspergillosis in lung transplant recipients. However, no published data exist regarding the pharmacokinetic profile of amphotericin B lipid complex in lung transplant recipients... CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that administration through aerosolized nebulization of amphotericin B lipid complex every 24 hr for 4 days in lung transplant recipients achieved amphotericin B concentrations in ELF above minimum inhibitory concentration of the Aspergillus nearly at 168 hr after the last inhaled dose and is well tolerated.
Clinical Trials Related to Amphotec (Amphotericin B)
Pharmacokinetic Profiles of Inhaled Lipid Complex Amphotericin B (Abelcet ®) [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to determine the optimal delivery system for the nebulization of
the lipid complex amphotericin B (Abelcet ®) in lung transplant recipients who are positive
for invasive aspergillosis (IA) in their lungs. Additionally, the investigators hope to
determine the concentrations of amphotericin B achieved in the epithelial lining fluid, and
serum with the administration of four days of lipid complex of amphotericin B (Abelcet ®)
(QD) via aerosolized nebulization
A Study of Caspofungin, Liposomal Amphotericin B or the Combination of Both for Patients After Stem-Cell Transplantation [Completed]
The study compares the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of caspofungin, liposomal
amphotericin B or the combination of both in the antifungal treatment of adult patients after
allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation with granulocytopenia and persistent i. g.
recurrent fever under adequate antibacterial therapy.
To Study the Effect Of Single Infusions Of Amphotericin B Lipid Preparations in Treatment of Patients Of Kala Azar [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single bolus of dose of Amphoterin B
lipid emulsion (Amphomul) is as efficacious and safe compared to a single dose Liposomal
Amphotericin B in treating patients with Indian Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala Azar).
A Phase II Study To Assess Safety and Efficacy Of Short-Course Regimens Of Amphotericin B Emulsion In Kala-Azar [Completed]
1. To evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of four different short-course regimens of
Amphotericin B emulsion in treatment of Kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis) subjects who
are either treatment naive or treatment resistant to other antileishmanial drugs except
amphotericin B containing preparations.
2. To assess the safety and efficacy of single-bolus infusion of Amphotericin B emulsion in
treatment of Kala-azar.
Nebulized Amphotericin B Lipid Complex in Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Paediatric Patients With Acute Leukaemia [Recruiting]
The aim of this clinical trial is to assess 25-30 patients of both sexes, between the ages
of 3 to 18 years, who are receiving intensive chemotherapy treatment for acute myeloblastic
or lymphoblastic leukemia (AML, ALL) and will be treated with aerosolised (inhalation)
amphotericin B lipid complex (Abelcet®) as a prophylactic for invasive pulmonary
aspergillosis during prolonged neutropenia.
The trial will evaluate the overall tolerability of the drug and the efficacy of aerosolised
ABLC for primary prophylaxis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). In the event that
the working hypothesis is confirmed, aerosolised ABLC treatment would be an effective, safe
and reliable prophylactic option for IPA. It would offer an alternative to the systemic
administration of antifungal triazoles without affecting the antileukemic treatment in
pediatric patients with AL.
Page last updated: 2011-12-09