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Aminohippurate (Aminohippurate Sodium) - Summary

 
 



AMINOHIPPURATE SUMMARY

Aminohippurate sodium* is an agent to measure effective renal plasma flow (ERPF). It is the sodium salt of para-aminohippuric acid, commonly abbreviated "PAH."It is water soluble, lipid-insoluble, and has a pKa of 3.83.

Estimation of effective renal plasma flow.

Measurement of the functional capacity of the renal tubular secretory mechanism.


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NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Aminohippurate

Effects of tenoxicam on renal function and the disposition of inulin and p-aminohippurate in healthy volunteers and patients with chronic renal failure. [1991.10]
1. The effects of tenoxicam on renal function were studied in 10 patients with chronic renal failure (creatinine clearance 46.7 +/- 11.9 ml min-1 1.73 m-2) and eight healthy volunteers... The administration of tenoxicam for 10 days was associated with a small but significant increase in the plasma half-life and volume of distribution of inulin.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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Clinical Trials Related to Aminohippurate

A Study to Evaluate the Effect of GSK1349572 on Iohexol and Para-Aminohippurate Clearance in Healthy Subjects [Not yet recruiting]
The current study is designed to confirm the mechanism behind the increase in serum creatinine observed during GSK1349572 therapy; specifically, the study will determine whether GSK1349572 has any effect on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) or effective renal plasma flow. Absent such effects, one may conclude that the small increases in serum creatinine observed are due to the inhibition of the tubular secretion of creatinine via organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) consistent with in vitro data. .

Investigation of Gender Specificity of the Effects of Furosemide in Healthy Female and Male Volunteers [Not yet recruiting]
In this study the gender specificity of the effects of furosemide in female and male volunteers will be investigated. The healthy volunteers receive 1. furosemide and 2. aminohippurate sodium "PAH" as single dose. The main objective is gender-specific comparison of the pharmacokinetic parameters of furosemide in relation to the effect of furosemide (urinary excretion). Secondary objectives are the gender-specific comparison of renal and systemic PAH clearance with the clearance of furosemide and the influence of various genetic polymorphisms on the variability of furosemide pharmacokinetics.

Measurement of Kidney Blood Flow and Oxygen Levels by MRI [Recruiting]
The traditional measurement of renal blood flow involves the collection of multiple blood and urine samples after an infusion of a drug called para-aminohippurate (PAH) is given. In this study, the investigators determine the ability of MRI to measure renal blood flow. The primary hypothesis is that renal blood flow as measured by PAH clearance is similar to renal blood flow as measured by MRI.

Determination of Kidney Function [Recruiting]
Much more about kidney disorders can be learned by determining kidney function. This research proposes to study the kidneys function by several parameters known as glomerular filtration rate (GFR), Renal Plasma Flow (RPF), and Glomerular Capillary Wall Permselectivity.

The study will select patients suffering from different types of kidney diseases. These patients will be selected based on the presence of significant amounts of protein in their urine (proteinuria).

Standard blood and urine tests are often unable to provide completely accurate information about the kidney. In order for researchers to have a more accurate idea of kidney function, they will use alternative tests. Test materials (para aminohippurate and inulin) will be injected into patients veins that provides information based on their filtration through the kidneys.

Renogram Study With Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PERC): Alterations in Renal Blood Flow as a Consequence of PERC [Recruiting]
Patients with large or otherwise complex renal calculi are commonly treated by percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL; PERC). PERC requires the creation of an approximately 10 mm channel through the renal parenchyma, into the intra-renal collecting system, in order to effect stone fragmentation and extraction. Although the nephrostomy tract is confined to a small fraction of the renal parenchyma (approximately 1%), the trauma associated with the creation of the tract will affect blood flow and oxygen delivery to regions beyond the immediate site of injury. It is possible that this could result in a significant functional renal impairment. There are several reports describing the effect of PERC on renal function, but interpretation of these studies is difficult, due to a lack of uniformity in patient selection and variability in the timing of peri-operative evaluation. Recent data from the investigators' lab, obtained from a porcine model, suggest that, acutely, PERC causes a significant decrease in renal function as measured by para amino hippurate (PAH) clearance. The purpose of this study is to determine, in a rigorous and standardized fashion, the acute effects of PERC on renal function, as measured by nuclear renography.

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Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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