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Alferon N Injection (Interferon Alfa-N3) - Summary



Alferon N Injection® [Interferon alfa-n3 (human leukocyte derived)] is a sterile aqueous formulation of purified, natural, human interferon alpha proteins for use by injection.

Alferon N Injection® is indicated for the intralesional treatment of refractory or recurring external condylomata acuminata.

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Published Studies Related to Alferon N Injection (Interferon Alfa-N3)

Therapeutic efficacy of combination therapy with intra-arterial 5-fluorouracil and systemic pegylated interferon alpha-2b for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with portal venous invasion. [2011.11.09]
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains poor, particularly among patients with portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). This study evaluated the efficacy of combined 5-fluorouracil and pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha-2b in patients with advanced HCC... CONCLUSIONS: Although a prospective randomized controlled trial using a larger population of patients with advanced HCC is needed to evaluate combination therapy with 5-fluorouracil and PEG-IFNalpha-2b, this new combination therapy may be useful for patients with advanced HCC. Cancer 2011;. (c) 2011 American Cancer Society. Copyright (c) 2011 American Cancer Society.

Antiviral activity of danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in patients with hepatitis C. [2011.08.15]
BACKGROUND: Current therapy options for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection genotype 1 are effective in <50%. Danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) is a potent, selective, and orally active inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A serine protease... CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed substantial antiviral efficacy of danoprevir in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin. Exploration of the safety and antiviral efficacy of danoprevir in longer clinical studies is warranted.

Randomised clinical trial: anti-viral activity of ANA773, an oral inducer of endogenous interferons acting via TLR7, in chronic HCV. [2011.08]
BACKGROUND: The ANA773 is an oral prodrug of a small-molecule toll-like receptor (TLR)7 agonist. Preclinical and healthy volunteer clinical studies with ANA773 have demonstrated induction of endogenous interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) of multiple subtypes, which supports the potential utility in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. AIM: To examine safety, tolerability, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and anti-viral activity of ANA773... CONCLUSION: The ANA773 was generally well tolerated and resulted in a dose-related IFN-dependent response leading to a significant decrease in serum HCV RNA levels in the 2000mg dose group. (c) 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Randomised clinical trial: efficacy of peginterferon alfa-2a in HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B patients with lamivudine resistance. [2011.08]
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that a finite course of peginterferon alfa-2a may offer an alternative rescue therapy for patients with lamivudine resistance. However, because of the limitation of study design and small sample size, it is difficult to make definitive conclusion. AIM: To explore the role of peginterferon alfa-2a, in the rescue treatment of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with lamivudine resistance... CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the response to peginterferon alfa-2a among patients with lamivudine resistance was suboptimal. HBeAg seroconversion rate at week 72 by 48 weeks peginterferon alfa-2a treatment was higher than continuous adefovir therapy. Monitoring HBsAg levels can help to predict response to peginterferon alfa-2a. (c) 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Changes of ferritin and CRP levels in melanoma patients treated with adjuvant interferon-alpha (EORTC 18952) and prognostic value on treatment outcome. [2011.08]
Adjuvant therapy with interferon-alpha (IFN) only benefits a small subgroup of melanoma patients and a predictive marker selecting responders does not exist. IFN induces increased ferritin and decreased C-reactive protein (CRP) levels; however, an association with treatment effect was not studied...

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Clinical Trials Related to Alferon N Injection (Interferon Alfa-N3)

Zidovudine, Interferon Alfa-2b, and PEG-Interferon Alfa-2b in Treating Patients With Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1-Associated Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma [Recruiting]
RATIONALE: Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 can cause cancer. Zidovudine is an antiviral drug that acts against the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. Giving zidovudine, interferon alfa-2b, and PEG-interferon alfa-2b together may stimulate the immune system and slow down or keep the cancer cell from growing.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving zidovudine together with interferon alfa-2b and PEG-interferon alfa-2b works in treating patients with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1-associated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.

Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Plus Low Dose Ribavirin for Treatment-Naïve Dialysis Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C [Recruiting]
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common in dialysis patients. Interferon (IFN)-based treatment for chronic hepatitis C has been the mainstay therapy in immunocompetent patients. In dialysis patients, treatment with conventional or pegylated interferon has also received much attention recently. Two meta-analyses evaluating the efficacy and safety of conventional IFN alfa monotherapy showed that the sustained virologic response (SVR) rates were 37% and 33%, respectively; and the corresponding dropout rates were 17% and 29. 6%, respectively. The efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a and 2b in treating dialysis patients showed conflicting results, with a more favorable outcome of patients treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2a (135-180 μg/week: SVR 33-75%, well tolerated) than those treated with pegylated IFN alfa-2b (0. 5-1. 0 μg/week: SVR 12. 5%, poorly tolerated. Currently, IFN-based therapy to treatment HCV infection should be initiated in dialysis stages, because the use of IFN in RT patients harbors high risks of acute graft rejection,and have low response rates under the concomitant use of immunosuppressive agents.

Ribavirin, which has been used in combination with IFN to treat chronic hepatitis C in the general patients and achieve a higher SVR rate than IFN monotherapy, is considered contraindicated in dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C due to the risk of severe hemolytic anemia. However, some pilot studies evaluating combined conventional IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin (170-300 mg/day) showed SVR rates of 17%-66% after 24-48 weeks of treatment. In addition, a recent study including 6 patients with combination of pegylated IFN alfa plus low dose ribavirin also showed a SVR rate of 50%. In this study, treatment with pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin achieved a higher SVR rate that that with pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin (100% vs. 25%).

Based on the long-term favorable outcome in dialysis patients who eradicate HCV, and the superior response of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin to pegylated IFN alfa-2b plus low dose ribavirin in treating dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C, the aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated IFN alfa-2a plus low dose ribavirin versus pegylated interferon alfa-2a alone in treatment naïve dialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C.

A Randomized Phase II Study of Two Doses of Interferon Alfa-2a (IFN Alfa-2a) in Combination With Zidovudine (AZT) and Dideoxycytidine (ddC) Versus AZT and ddC Only in Patients With HIV Infection and Less Than 400 CD4 Cells/mm3 [Completed]
To determine the safety and efficacy of two doses of interferon alfa-2a ( IFN alfa-2a ) in combination with zidovudine ( AZT )/zalcitabine ( ddC ) versus AZT/ddC only in patients with HIV infection and CD4 count < 400 cells/mm3.

AZT and ddC inhibit HIV by acting as reverse transcriptase chain terminators, while IFN alfa-2a inhibits translation of viral proteins. Combining agents that act at different sites of viral replication may improve HIV inhibition and produce more effective and sustained anti-HIV effects.

Study Comparing Reduction and Viral Safety of IFN Alfa-2b XL + Ribavirin Versus PEG IFN Alfa-2b + Ribavirin in Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C Genotype 1 [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to confirm if IFN alfa-2b XL has a better antiviral activity and tolerability as compared with current marketed reference, while combined with ribavirin, in a 3-month therapy setting.

Interferon-alpha Treatment of Chronic Cough in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether lozenges containing interferon-alpha can reduce the frequency and severity of coughing in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

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Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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