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Aerospan (Flunisolide Hemihydrate Inhalation) - Indications and Dosage

 
 



INDICATIONS AND USAGE

AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol is indicated for the maintenance treatment of asthma as prophylactic therapy in adult and pediatric patients 6 years of age and older. AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol is also indicated for asthma patients requiring oral corticosteroid therapy, where adding AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol may reduce or eliminate the need for oral corticosteroids.

AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol is NOT indicated for the relief of acute bronchospasm.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol should be administered by the orally inhaled route in asthmatic patients aged 6 years and older. The onset and degree of symptom relief with orally inhaled corticosteroids is usually apparent within 2-4 weeks after the start of treatment, and varies with individual patients. The time to improvement in asthma control was not evaluated in clinical studies with AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol. For patients who do not respond adequately to the starting dose after 3-4 weeks of therapy, higher doses may provide additional asthma control. The safety and efficacy of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol when administered in excess of recommended doses have not been established.

Note: In all patients it is desirable to titrate to the lowest effective dose once asthma stability is achieved.

Adults (age 12 and older): The recommended starting dose is 160 mcg twice daily. The maximum dose should not exceed 320 mcg twice daily. Higher doses have not been studied.

Children (age 6 to 11): The recommended starting dose is 80 mcg twice daily. The maximum dose should not exceed 160 mcg twice daily. Higher doses have not been studied.

Pediatric patients should administer this product under adult supervision.

The recommended dosage of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol relative to flunisolide CFC inhalation aerosol is lower due to differences in delivery characteristics between the products. Recognizing that a definitive comparative therapeutic ratio between AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol and flunisolide CFC inhalation aerosol has not been demonstrated, any patient who is switched from flunisolide CFC inhalation aerosol to AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol should be dosed appropriately, taking into account the dosing recommendations above, and should be monitored to ensure that the dose of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol selected is safe and efficacious. As with any inhaled corticosteroid, physicians are advised to select the dose of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol that would be appropriate based upon the patient's disease severity and titrate the dose of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol downward over time to the lowest level that maintains proper asthma control.

Clinical studies with AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol did not evaluate patients on oral corticosteroids. However, clinical studies with therapeutic doses of flunisolide CFC inhalation aerosol did show efficacy in the management of asthmatics dependent or maintained on systemic corticosteroids.

If a patient is already on a systemic corticosteroid for asthma control, AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol should be used concurrently with the patient's usual maintenance dose of oral corticosteroid before an attempt is made to withdraw systemic corticosteroid. The patient's asthma should be reasonably stable before withdrawal of oral corticosteroid is initiated. After approximately one week, gradual withdrawal of the systemic corticosteroid may be started by reducing the daily or alternate daily dose. The next reduction may be made after an interval of one or two weeks, depending on the response of the patients. In general, these decrements should not exceed 2.5 mg of prednisone or its equivalent. A slow rate of withdrawal is strongly recommended. During reduction of oral corticosteroids, patients should be carefully monitored for asthma instability, including objective measures of airway function, and for adrenal insufficiency (see WARNINGS). During their withdrawal from a systemic corticosteroid, some patients may experience symptoms of systemic corticosteroid withdrawal, e.g., joint and/or musculoskeletal pain, lassitude and depression, despite maintenance or even improvements in pulmonary function. Such patients should be encouraged to continue with AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol and should be monitored for objective signs of adrenal insufficiency. If evidence of adrenal insufficiency occurs, the systemic corticosteroid doses should be increased temporarily and thereafter withdrawal should continue more slowly. During periods of stress or a severe asthma attack, patients being transferred may require supplementary treatment with a systemic corticosteroid.

HOW SUPPLIED

AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol is supplied as a pressurized lined aluminum canister in boxes of one. Each canister is supplied with a two-piece plastic purple actuator and gray spacer assembly, and tear-off patient's instructions, including a Patient Information and an illustrated Instructions for Using Your AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol.

The following canister sizes are available: 8.9 g net weight, providing 120 metered actuations (trade size, NDC 0456-5550-12); 5.1 g net weight providing 60 metered actuations (hospital size, NDC 0456-5550-63); 5.1 g net weight providing 60 metered actuations (professional sample, NDC 0456-5550-06).

When not in use, keep AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol out of reach of children. Pediatric patients should only administer AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol under adult supervision.

The plastic purple actuator and gray spacer assembly supplied as part of AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol should not be used with any other product canisters; and the actuator from other products should not be used with an AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol canister. Do not separate the purple actuator from the gray spacer. Do not use this product with any external spacer devices.

The labeled amount of medication in each actuation cannot be assured after 120 metered actuations (or 60 metered actuations in the hospital and sample size canisters), even though the canister is not completely empty and will continue to operate. The inhaler (canister plus actuator) should be discarded when the labeled number of actuations have been used. Never immerse the canister into water to determine the amount of formulation remaining in the canister (“float test”).

Store at 25 °C (77 °F); excursions permitted to 15 – 30 °C (59 – 86 °F) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature]. For best results, the canister should be at room temperature before use.

WARNING: Contents under pressure. Do not puncture. Do not use or store near heat or open flame. Protect from freezing temperatures and prolonged exposure to sunlight. Exposure to temperatures above 120°F (49°C) may cause bursting. Never throw into fire or incinerator. Use by children should always be supervised. Avoid spraying in eyes.

AEROSPAN Inhalation Aerosol does not contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).

Manufactured By:
3M Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
St. Paul, MN 55133

For:
Forest Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Subsidiary of Forest Laboratories, Inc.
St. Louis, MO 63045

1/06

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