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Adriamycin (Doxorubicin Hydrochloride) - Summary



Doxorubicin is a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius var. caesius.

Adriamycin (DOXOrubicin HCl) Injection, USP and Adriamycin (DOXOrubicin HCl) for Injection, USP have been used successfully to produce regression in disseminated neoplastic conditions such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, Wilms' tumor, neuroblastoma, soft tissue and bone sarcomas, breast carcinoma, ovarian carcinoma, transitional cell bladder carcinoma, thyroid carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, Hodgkin's disease, malignant lymphoma and bronchogenic carcinoma in which the small cell histologic type is the most responsive compared to other cell types.
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Published Studies Related to Adriamycin (Doxorubicin)

First-line treatment of metastatic or locally advanced unresectable soft tissue sarcomas with conatumumab in combination with doxorubicin or doxorubicin alone: a phase I/II open-label and double-blind study. [2012]
sarcoma... INTERPRETATION: Addition of conatumumab to doxorubicin appeared to be safe but

A randomized controlled study into the efficacy and toxicity of pegylated liposome encapsulated doxorubicin as an adjuvant therapy in dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma. [2011.12]
Safety and efficacy of pegylated liposome encapsulated doxorubicin (PL-DOX) was compared with free doxorubicin as an adjuvant monotherapy in dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma after splenectomy in a randomized prospective clinical trial. A total of 17 dogs in each group were treated... Cardiotoxicity was not seen in either treatment groups.

Hepatic arterial infusion of doxorubicin-loaded microsphere for treatment of hepatocellular cancer: a multi-institutional registry. [2011.10]
BACKGROUND: Hepatic intra-arterial therapy for unresectable hepatocellular cancer (HCC) has been shown to improve overall survival, but can have significant toxicity. A recent prospective randomized controlled trial demonstrated superior response rates and significantly less morbidity and doxorubicin-related adverse events with drug-eluting beads with doxorubicin (DEBDOX) compared with conventional chemoembolization. The aim of this study was to confirm the efficacy of DEBDOX for the treatment of unresectable HCC... CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic intra-arterial injection of DEBDOX is safe and effective in the treatment of HCC, as demonstrated by a minimal complication rate and robust and durable tumor response. Copyright (c) 2011 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Rapid early monoclonal protein reduction after therapy with bortezomib or bortezomib and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in relapsed/refractory myeloma is associated with a longer time to progression. [2011.08.15]
BACKGROUND: A rapid and early monoclonal (M) protein response during initial therapy in patients with multiple myeloma had been identified as a predictor of superior long-term outcome in some--but not all--studies... CONCLUSIONS: These analyses supported the possibility that a robust early M protein response is a good prognostic factor for long-term outcome of myeloma patients with relapsed and/or refractory disease receiving bortezomib or PLD + bortezomib. Copyright (c) 2011 American Cancer Society.

Lyso-thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin: an adjuvant to increase the cure rate of radiofrequency ablation in liver cancer. [2011.08]
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide...

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Clinical Trials Related to Adriamycin (Doxorubicin)

A Study of DOXIL/CAELYX in Patients With Advanced or Refractory Solid Malignancies Including Patients With Ovarian Cancer [Active, not recruiting]

Pantoprazole With Doxorubicin for Advanced Cancer Patients With Extension Cohort of Patients With Solid Tumours [Completed]
This is a single-centre, open label, dose finding, phase I study to determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for the combination of doxorubicin and pantoprazole in patients with advanced tumours and no standard treatment options. A minimum of 3 patients will be enrolled per dose level and intra-patient dose escalation is not permitted. Once the RP2D has been identified, six additional patients with metastatic solid tumours will be treated at the RP2D to confirm its tolerability.

A Two-Dimensional Dose-Finding Study of Ixazomib in Combination With Gemcitabine and Doxorubicin, Followed by a Phase II Extension to Assess the Efficacy of This Combination in Metastatic, Surgically Unresectable Urothelial Cancer [Recruiting]
This clinical research study is made up of 2 phases. The goal of Phase 1 of this study is to learn the highest tolerated dose of the combination of ixazomib, gemcitabine, and doxorubicin that can be given to patients with urothelial cancer. The goal of Phase 2 of this study is to learn if the combination of ixazomib, gemcitabine, and doxorubicin can help to control urothelial cancer. The safety of the drug combinations will be studied in both phases.

Taxotere and Adriamycin/Cytoxan (AC) Validation in Breast Cancer Patients [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to learn if the biomarker information obtained (learned or received) from the earlier studies can tell us whether or not Taxotere and/or Adriamycin/Cytoxan can cause tumors to become smaller.

Lenalidomide & Adriamycin & Dexamethasone (RAD) in Newly Diagnosed, Multiple Myeloma Patients [Recruiting]
This study is to assess the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide in combination with adriamycin and low dose dexamethasone in newly diagnosed patients with symptomatic multiple myeloma as well as to collect information regarding the effect of this regimen on angiogenesis and bone remodeling of the study population.

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Page last updated: 2013-02-10

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