Media Articles Related to Actigall (Ursodiol)
Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Source: MedicineNet Edema Specialty [2014.01.09]
Title: Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
Category: Diseases and Conditions
Created: 12/31/1997 12:00:00 AM
Last Editorial Review: 1/9/2014 12:00:00 AM
The genetic legacy of the Neanderthals
Source: Lupus News From Medical News Today [2014.01.31]
Remnants of Neanderthal DNA in modern humans are associated with genes affecting type 2 diabetes, Crohn's disease, lupus, biliary cirrhosis and smoking behavior. They also concentrate in genes that influence skin and hair characteristics. At the same time, Neanderthal DNA is conspicuously low in regions of the X chromosome and testes-specific genes.
Published Studies Related to Actigall (Ursodiol)
Colchicine or methotrexate, with ursodiol, are effective after 20 years in a subset of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. [2011.09]
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The combination of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), colchicine, and methotrexate (MTX) is effective therapy for a subset of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) who do not respond to UDCA. However, the durability of the response is unclear. We investigated whether the response to combination therapy was durable... CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with the combination of UDCA and MTX or UDCA and colchicine led to sustained clinical remission in a subset of patients with PBC. The response to the combination of UDCA and MTX appeared to be more durable than to UDCA and colchicine. Copyright (c) 2011 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Clinical Trial: Randomized controlled trial of zidovudine and lamivudine for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis stabilized on ursodiol. [2008.07.09]
Background: A human betaretrovirus has been characterized in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC)... Accordingly, more potent anti-viral regimens will be required to confirm the efficacy of antiviral therapy in PBC patients with human betaretrovirus infection.
Colchicine or methotrexate, with ursodiol, are effective after 20 years in a
subset of patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. 
combination therapy was durable... CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with the combination of UDCA and MTX or UDCA and
Low incidence of hepatic veno-occlusive disease in pediatric patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation attributed to a combination of intravenous heparin, oral glutamine, and ursodiol at a single transplant institution. [2010.08]
We report the low incidence of hepatic VOD in pediatric patients with various diagnoses including hematologic malignancies and non-malignant conditions transplanted at our institution. Retrospective review of 188 patients who underwent HSCT and received a combined prophylactic regimen of intravenous heparin, oral glutamine, and ursodiol was undertaken...
Ursodiol in patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis. [2007.11]
CONCLUSIONS: Ursodiol may improve the biochemical signs and clinical symptoms of PNAC. However, optimal dosing, timing, duration of therapy, and long-term effects on PNAC outcome and prognosis require further studies.
Clinical Trials Related to Actigall (Ursodiol)
Ursodiol for Treating Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis in Neonates [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to determine whether ursodiol is effective in the treatment of
parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis in neonates.
Ursodiol in Treating Patients With Barrett Esophagus and Low-Grade Dysplasia [Recruiting]
This phase II trial is studying how well ursodiol works in treating patients with Barrett
esophagus or low-grade dysplasia. Chemoprevention is the use of certain drugs to keep cancer
from forming. The use of ursodiol may in patients with Barrett esophagus or low-grade
The Effect of Ursodeoxycholic Acid in Liver Functional Restoration of Patients With Obstructive Jaundice [Not yet recruiting]
In patients with obstructive jaundice, multi-organ dysfunction may develop. The aim of this
study is to evaluate the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on liver functional restoration on
patients with obstructive jaundice after surgical or endoscopic treatment.
Patients with obstructive jaundice will be divided into two groups: (A) test group in which
will be administered ursodeoxycholic acid twenty-four hours after endoscopic or surgical
procedure and will last fourteen days, and (B) control group.
Serum-testing will include determination of bilirubin, alanine transaminase, aspartate
transaminase, gama-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase, albumin, and cholesterol
levels. These parameters will be determined one day prior endoscopic or surgical procedure,
and on the third, fifth, seventh, tenth, twelfth and fourteenth days after endoscopic or
Our hypothesis is that patients with obstructive jaundice under treatment with
ursodeoxycholic acid will have better outcome than patients in control group.
Ursodeoxycholic Acid Plus Budesonide Versus Ursodeoxycholic Acid Alone in Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) [Recruiting]
The study is aimed to compare the efficacy and tolerability of a combination therapy with
ursodeoxycholic acid (12-16 mg/kg body weight (BW)/d) plus budesonide (9 mg/d) vs.
ursodeoxycholic acid (12-16 mg/kg BW/d) plus placebo in the treatment of PBC. Depending on
ALT values 6 mg/d budesonide are allowed. The study population will be patients with PBC at
risk for disease progression. It is assumed that the combination therapy will result in a
decrease of treatment failures after 3 years of treatment.
Cholestatic Drug-induced Liver Injury [Recruiting]
Cholestatic drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is the severe form of DILI with a grave
outcome. Drug-metabolizing enzymes play an important role in the metabolism of drugs. The
genetic polymorphism of drug-metabolizing enzymes may influence the activities and
expression of these enzymes and thereby affect the susceptibility and severity of DILI.
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) is an important phase 2 detoxification enzyme, which is
related to congenital hyperbilirubinemia. Recently, the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A1 was
reported to be associated with jaundice induced by some drugs, and UGT1A7 was shown to be
related to the susceptibility of hepatocellular carcinoma and other cancers. Ursodeoxycholic
acid (UDCA ) is a hydrophilic bile acid that is increasingly used for the treatment of
various cholestatic disorders. The aims of this study are (1) to assess the association of
the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A1 and 1A7, and the susceptibility and severity of
drug-induced liver injury (DILI), with emphasis on the cholestatic DILI; (2) to evaluate the
treatment effect of UDCA in the DILI, with special reference to the cholestatic