DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Accutane (Isotretinoin) - Summary




Access the iPLEDGE system via the internet (www.ipledgeprogram.com)or telephone (1-866-495-0654) to obtain an authorization and the "do not dispense to patient after" date.Accutane must only be dispensed in no more than a 30-day supply.


An Accutane Medication Guide must be given to the patienteach time Accutane is dispensed, as required by law. This AccutaneMedication Guide is an important part of the risk management programfor the patient.



(isotretinoin capsules)

Isotretinoin, a retinoid, is available as Accutane in 10-mg, 20-mg and 40-mg soft gelatin capsules for oral administration.

Accutane is indicated for the treatment of severe recalcitrant nodular acne. Nodules are inflammatory lesions with a diameter of 5 mm or greater. The nodules may become suppurative or hemorrhagic. "Severe," by definition,2 means "many" as opposed to "few or several" nodules. Because of significant adverse effects associated with its use, Accutane should be reserved for patients with severe nodular acne who are unresponsive to conventional therapy, including systemic antibiotics. In addition, Accutane is indicated only for those females who are not pregnant, because Accutane can cause severe birth defects (see boxed CONTRAINDICATIONS AND WARNINGS).

A single course of therapy for 15 to 20 weeks has been shown to result in complete and prolonged remission of disease in many patients. 1,3,4 If a second course of therapy is needed, it should not be initiated until at least 8 weeks after completion of the first course, because experience has shown that patients may continue to improve while off Accutane. The optimal interval before retreatment has not been defined for patients who have not completed skeletal growth (see WARNINGS: Skeletal: Bone Mineral Density, Hyperostosis, and Premature Epiphyseal Closure).

See all Accutane indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Accutane (Isotretinoin)

Isotretinoin 5 mg daily for low-grade adult acne vulgaris--a placebo-controlled, randomized double-blind study. [2014]
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of 5 mg/day isotretinoin in adult acne... CONCLUSIONS: Isotretinoin 5 mg/day is effective in reducing the number of acne

A single blind randomized clinical study: the efficacy of isotretinoin plus narrow band ultraviolet B in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. [2011.06]
In this randomized clinical trial, 39 patients with psoriasis vulgaris were randomized in two groups. Intervention group received narrow band ultraviolet B (NBUVB)+isotretinoin (0.5 mg/kg/day), control group received NBUVB+placebo.

A phase I factorial design study of dose-dense temozolomide alone and in combination with thalidomide, isotretinoin, and/or celecoxib as postchemoradiation adjuvant therapy for newly diagnosed glioblastoma. [2010.11]
External beam radiation therapy (XRT) with concomitant temozolomide and 6 cycles of adjuvant temozolomide (5/28-day schedule) improves survival in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma compared with XRT alone...

Mortality in the randomized, controlled lung intergroup trial of isotretinoin. [2010.06]
In 2001, we reported that mortality may have been higher with isotretinoin (30 mg/d for 3 years) than with placebo in the subgroup of current smokers among the 1,166 patients with definitively resected early-stage non-small cell lung cancer who participated in the randomized, controlled Lung Intergroup Trial...

A randomized and controlled trial about the use of oral isotretinoin for photoaging. [2010.02]
Topical retinoids are used to treat photoaging; oral isotretinoin is gold standard for acne; "off label" indications, including photoaging, have been reported with insufficient evidence of efficacy. This is a randomized controlled phase II trial with clinical and histological assessment to evaluate efficacy and safety of oral isotretinoin for photoaging...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Accutane (Isotretinoin)

Bioequivalence Study of Isotretinoin Capsules 40 mg Under Fed Condition [Completed]

Bioequivalence Study of Isotretinoin Capsules 20 mg Under Fasting Condition [Completed]

Bioequivalence Study of Isotretinoin Capsules 40 mg Under Fasting Condition [Completed]

Phase II Study Of Roferon and Accutane For Patients With T-Cell Malignancies [Terminated]
The purpose of this study is to determine the response rate of patients with T-cell malignancies to combination therapy using interferon-alpha (Roferon) and Isotretinoin (Accutane).

Aflac ST1001 Prolonged Isotretinoin [Withdrawn]
Neuroblastoma is a cancer of the nervous system and accounts for 15% of cancer related deaths in children. With the advancement of treatment therapies, the long term survival rate has progressed to approximately 50%. The therapy used for treatment, however, is very toxic and associated with serious long-term side effects. Treatment for neuroblastoma typically includes chemotherapy, surgery, stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. At the end of this treatment, children with neuroblastoma commonly take the drug isotretinoin for 6 months. Isotretinoin maintains the response to previous treatments and helps turn the remaining cancer cells into normal nerve cells. Most patients often respond to this treatment at first but are at a high-risk for the cancer coming back. The majority of the children who relapse after treatment or develop recurrent disease do so in the first two years following the completion of therapy and there are no current treatments to cure those who relapse. This study will explore whether or not extending the therapy with isotretinoin from 6 months to 24 months will help prevent the cancer from coming back without causing severe side effects.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Accutane (Isotretinoin) Side Effects

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (2158)Colitis Ulcerative (1486)Depression (1167)Crohn's Disease (1107)Irritable Bowel Syndrome (1049)Injury (666)Anxiety (592)Emotional Distress (437)Intestinal Obstruction (403)Suicidal Ideation (328)more >>


Based on a total of 44 ratings/reviews, Accutane has an overall score of 7.73. The effectiveness score is 9.05 and the side effect score is 6.27. The scores are on ten point scale: 10 - best, 1 - worst. Below are selected reviews: the highest, the median and the lowest rated.

Accutane review by 43 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Highly Effective
Side effects:   Mild Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   acne
Dosage & duration:   40mg daily taken 20 mg 2xday for the period of 4 months
Other conditions:   none
Other drugs taken:   none
Reported Results
Benefits:   Permanently: cured of cystic acne. Temporarily: eliminated blackheads, smoothed skin texture, skin appeared "poreless".
Side effects:   Dry skin and lips, increased susceptibility to developing blisters on feet if walking long distances without careful attention to socks and shoes. Stupidly used "Biore" skin strips early in the treatment to speed up removal of the blackheads and pulled all the skin off my nose.
Comments:   I am 43 now but took Accutane back in my early 20's for moderate cyctic acne. I took a second course in my 30's for mild/moderate non-cystic acne which was probably hormone related. I absolutely loved taking Accutane and wished that I could take it again at a milder dosage to treat blackheads and have that smooth "poreless" skin again. It seems to speed up skin cell sloughing and I didn't need to exfoliate, just use a good cream. After years of taking antibiotics and using awful creams that made my skin dry and red, Accutane was a godsend. My older brother and sister have terrible deep scars from cystic acne (my sister had dermabrasion many years ago before the age of laser) but I do not have one scar from my cyctic acne.


Accutane review by 18 year old male patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Considerably Effective
Side effects:   Moderate Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   Acne
Dosage & duration:   40mg/day taken daily for the period of 8 months
Other conditions:   None
Other drugs taken:   None
Reported Results
Benefits:   Completely eliminated my acne while I was on the drug, however acne did return once I stopped, though not as bad.
Side effects:   Dry skin, which was easily taken care of with a moisturizer. Dry lips. I didn't experience any of the other side effects often mentioned such as depression.
Comments:   I would take 2x20mg pills daily. I needed to moisturize my face once a day also. When i began I weaned myself onto the drug -- take 20mg for the first week before stepping upto the 40mg dose.


Accutane review by 34 year old female patient

Overall rating:  
Effectiveness:   Moderately Effective
Side effects:   Severe Side Effects
Treatment Info
Condition / reason:   ACNE
Dosage & duration:   NOT SURE (dosage frequency: 1 pill/day) for the period of 5 MONTHS
Other conditions:   NONE
Other drugs taken:   NONE
Reported Results

See all Accutane reviews / ratings >>

Page last updated: 2015-08-10

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2015