Brands, Medical Use, Clinical Data
- Anticholinergic Agents
Brands / Synonyms
Asabaine; Avagal; Banthin; Banthine; Banthine Bromide; Dixamone Bromide; Doladene; Frenogastrico; Gastrin I; Gastrin-1 Human; Gastron; Gastrosedan; Mantheline; Metantyl; Metaxan; Methanide; Methantheline Bromide; Methanthelinium; Methanthelinium Bromide; Methanthelinum; Methanthine Bromide; Methelina; MTB 51; Resobantin; Ulcine; Ulcudexter; Vagamin; Vagantin; Xanteline
For the treatment of peptic ulcer disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, gastritis, biliary dyskinesia, pylorosplasm, and reflex neurogenic bladder in children.
Methantheline is a synthetic quarternary ammonium antimuscarinic used to relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach, intestines, and bladder. It can be used together with antacids or other medicines, such as H2-receptor antagonists, in the treatment of peptic ulcer. Methantheline inhibits muscarinic actions at postganglionic parasympathetic neuroeffector sites.
Mechanism of Action
Methantheline inhibits the muscarinic actions of acetylcholine on structures innervated by postganglionic cholinergic nerves as well as on smooth muscles that respond to acetylcholine but lack cholinergic innervation. These postganglionic receptor sites are present in the autonomic effector cells of the smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, sinoatrial and atrioventricular nodes, and exocrine glands. Depending on the dose, anticholinergics may reduce the motility and secretory activity of the gastrointestinal system, and the tone of the ureter and urinary bladder and may have a slight relaxant action on the bile ducts and gallbladder.
Symptoms of overdose: blurred vision (continuing) or changes in near vision, clumsiness or unsteadiness, confusion, convulsions, difficulty in breathing, muscle weakness (severe), or tiredness (severe), dizziness, drowsiness (severe), dryness of mouth, nose, or throat (severe), fast heartbeat, fever, hallucinations, slurred speech, unusual excitement, nervousness, restlessness, or irritability, unusual warmth, dryness, and flushing of skin.
Biotrnasformation / Drug Metabolism
Hepatic, by enzymatic hydrolysis.
Contraindicated in the following: hypersensitivity to anticholinergics,
narrow-angle glaucoma, GI obstruction, myasthenia gravis, paralytic ileus, GI atony, and toxic megacolon.
This drug may interact with the following: antacids, diarrhea medicine
containing kaolin or attapulgite, ketoconazole (using these medicines with an anticholinergic may lessen the effects
of the anticholinergic), central nervous system (CNS) depressants (taking scopolamine with CNS depressants may
increase the effects of either medicine), other anticholinergics (medicine for abdominal or stomach spasms or
cramps), tricyclic antidepressants (taking anticholinergics with tricyclic antidepressants or other anticholinergics
may cause an increase in the effects of the anticholinergic), and potassium chloride (using this medicine with an
anticholinergic may make gastrointestinal problems caused by potassium worse).