Brands, Medical Use, Clinical Data
- Anabolic Agents
- Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Brands / Synonyms
Anadroid-F; Androfluorene; Androfluorone; Android-f; Androsterolo; Androxy; Fluossimesterone [DCIT]; Fluosterone; Fluotestin; Fluoximesterona [INN-Spanish]; Fluoximesterone; Fluoximesteronum; Fluoxymesterone [BAN:INN:JAN]; Fluoxymesteronum [INN-Latin]; Fluoxymestrone; Flusteron; Flutestos; FXM; Halodrin; Halotestin; Neo-Ormonal; Ora Testryl; Ora-testryl; Oralsterone; Oratestin; Testoral; Ultandren; Ultandrene
In males, used as replacement therapy in conditions associated with symptoms of deficiency or absence of endogenous testosterone. In females, for palliation of androgenresponsive recurrent mammary cancer in women who are more than one year but less than five years postmenopausal.
Fluoxymesterone is a synthetic androgen, or male hormone, similar to testosterone. Fluoxymesterone works by attaching itself to androgen receptors; this causes it to interact with the parts of the cell involved in the making of proteins. It may cause an increase in the synthesis of some proteins or a decrease in the synthesis of others. These proteins have a variety of effects, including blocking the growth of some types of breast cancer cells, stimulating cells that cause male sexual characteristics, and stimulating the production of red blood cells.
Mechanism of Action
Fluoxymesterone is a synthetic androgenic anabolic steroid and is approximately 5 times as potent as natural methyltestosterone. Like testosterone and other androgenic hormones, fluoxymesterone binds to the androgen receptor. It produces retention of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus; increases protein anabolism; and decreases amino acid catabolism. The antitumour activity of fluoxymesterone appears related to reduction or competitive inhibition of prolactin receptors or estrogen receptors or production.
Oral absorption is less than 44%.
Side effects include virilization (masculine traits in women), acne, fluid retention, and hypercalcemia.
Biotrnasformation / Drug Metabolism
Presence of 17-alpha alkyl group reduces susceptibility to hepatic enzyme degradation, which slows metabolism and allows oral administration. Inactivation of testosterone occurs primarily in the liver
1. Known hypersensitivity to the drug
2. Males with carcinoma of the breast
3. Males with known or suspected carcinoma of the prostate gland
4. Women known or suspected to be pregnant
5. Patients with serious cardiac, hepatic or renal disease
Androgens may increase sensitivity to oral anticoagulahts. Dosage of the anticoagulant may require reduction in
order to maintain satisfactory therapeutic hypoprothrombinemia.
Concurrent administration of oxyphenbutazone and androgens may result in elevated serum levels of
In diabetic patients, the metabolic effects of androgens may decrease blood glucose and therefore, insulin