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Active ingredient: Caffeine - Chemisty and Biological Activity

Chemisty and Biological Activity

Chemical Formula


Chemical Name


Chemical Structure

Molecular Weight

194.191 g/mol

Physical State


Melting Point

238 oC

Water Solubility

22 mg/ml

Isoelectric Point


Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals

Phase 1 Metabolising Enzyme (1-st Step of Metabolism)


Primary Drug Target
NameAdenosine A1 receptor
Gene NameADORA1
Specific FunctionReceptor for adenosine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase

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