Brands, Medical Use, Clinical Data
- Anti-inflammatory, steroidal
- Oral Solution
- Solution for Injection
- Injectable Suspension
Brands / Synonyms
Alphatrex; Bebate; Becort; Bedifos; Beta-Methasone; Beta-Methasone Alcohol; Beta-Val; Betacorlan; Betacortril; Betaderm; Betadexamethasone; Betafluorene; Betamamallet; Betametasona [Inn-Spanish]; Betametasone [DCIT]; Betamethasone Alcohol; Betamethasone Base; Betamethasone Cream; Betamethasone Dipropionate; Betamethasone Sodium Phosphate; Betamethasone Valearate; Betamethasone Valerate; Betamethasone [Usan:Ban:Inn:Jan]; Betamethasonum [Inn-Latin]; Betamethasonvalerat Mikron; Betamethazone; Betapredol; Betasolon; Betatrex; Betnelan; Betsolan; Celestene; Celestone; Celestone Syrup and Tablets; Cidoten; Clotrimazole and Betamethasone; Dermabet; Desacort-Beta; Diproderm; Diprolene; Diprolene AF; Diprosone; Flubenisolone; Hormezon; Lotrisone; Luxiq; Luxiqo; Maxivate; Methazon; Rinderon; Rinderon A; Taclonex; Uticort; Valisone; Valnac; Visubeta
Topical use (cream, lotion and ointment): for relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses
Topical use (foam): relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses of the scalp
Systemic use: for the treatment of edocrine disorders, rheumatic disorders, collagen diseases, dermatological diseases, allergic states, ophthalmic diseases, respiratory diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, edematous states, gastrointestinal diseases, tuberculous meningitis and trichinosis.
Betamethasone and its derivatives, betamethasone sodium phosphate and betamethasone acetate, are synthetic glucocorticoids. Used for its antiinflammatory or immunosuppressive properties, betamethasone is combined with a mineralocorticoid to manage adrenal insufficiency and is used in the form of betamethasone benzoate, betamethasone dipropionate, or betamethasone valerate for the treatment of inflammation due to corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses. Betamethasone and clotrimazole are used together to treat cutaneous tinea infections.
Mechanism of Action
Betamethasone is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. The antiinflammatory actions of corticosteroids are thought to involve lipocortins, phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins which, through inhibition arachidonic acid, control the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. The immune system is suppressed by corticosteroids due to a decrease in the function of the lymphatic system, a reduction in immunoglobulin and complement concentrations, the precipitation of lymphocytopenia, and interference with antigen-antibody binding. Betamethasone binds to plasma transcortin, and it becomes active when it is not bound to transcortin.
Minimal if applied topically.
Symptoms of overdose include burning, itching, irritation, dryness, folliculitis, hypertrichosis, acneiform eruptions, hypopigmentation, perioral dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, maceration of the skin, secondary infection, skin atrophy, striae, and miliaria.
Biotrnasformation / Drug Metabolism
DIPROLENE AF Cream is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to betamethasone dipropionate, to other
corticosteroids, or to any ingredient in this preparation.