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Ambrisentan for pulmonary arterial hypertension due to congenital heart disease.

Author(s): Zuckerman WA, Leaderer D, Rowan CA, Mituniewicz JD, Rosenzweig EB

Affiliation(s): Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA. wz2116@columbia.edu

Publication date & source: 2011-05-01, Am J Cardiol., 107(9):1381-5. Epub 2011 Mar 2.

Publication type: Comparative Study

Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a known complication of congenital heart disease associated with unrepaired systemic to pulmonary shunts. Evidence for use of targeted pulmonary arterial hypertension therapy in ES is limited. The early experience using ambrisentan was evaluated in a cohort of consecutive patients with ES who initiated ambrisentan at Columbia University's Pulmonary Hypertension Center from January 1, 2007, to August 1, 2008. Effects of ambrisentan on rest and exercise systemic arterial oxygen saturation (S(a)O(2)), exercise capacity, functional status, hemoglobin levels, and hemodynamics were evaluated and compared using paired Student's t tests. Seventeen patients were evaluated at short-term (mean 163 +/- 57 days) and longer term (mean 2.5 +/- 0.5 years) follow-up. At short-term follow-up, there was an improvement in exercise capacity (6-minute walking distance 389 +/- 74 vs 417 +/- 77 m, p=0.03, n=11) and maintenance of rest S(a)O(2) (89 +/- 7% vs 89% +/- 6%, p=0.75, n=15), exercise S(a)O(2) (75 +/- 15% vs 77% +/- 15%, p=0.33, n=11), functional class (improvement in 2 patients, no change in 13), and hemoglobin (16.5 +/- 2.8 vs 15.8 +/- 1.8 g/dl, p=0.11, n=14). At longer term follow-up compared to baseline and short-term follow-up, there was stability of exercise capacity, S(a)O(2), functional class, and hemoglobin. In conclusion, in this single-center cohort of patients with ES, ambrisentan was safe and was associated with increasing exercise capacity at short-term follow-up, with patients maintaining S(a)O(2), functional class, and hemoglobin, and with no significant evidence of clinical deterioration at longer term follow-up. Additional studies are required to further assess the efficacy of ambrisentan in patients with ES. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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