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Effect of cinacalcet on renal electrolyte handling and systemic arterial blood pressure in kidney transplant patients with persistent hyperparathyroidism.

Author(s): Zitt E, Woess E, Mayer G, Lhotta K.

Affiliation(s): Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Academic Teaching Hospital Feldkirch, Feldkirch, Austria.

Publication date & source: 2011, Transplantation. , 92(8):883-9

BACKGROUND: The calcimimetic cinacalcet has recently been increasingly used for persistent hyperparathyroidism after renal transplantation. The present study investigated the short-term effects of cinacalcet on urinary electrolyte concentration and arterial blood pressure in kidney transplant patients with persistent hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: In a prospective controlled single-center cross-over study, we examined 10 stable kidney transplant patients (mean estimated glomerular filtration rate 51±10 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) who received cinacalcet daily for persistent hyperparathyroidism. Urine specimens were collected at baseline and every 2 hr for a total study period of 6 hr after ingestion of 30 mg cinacalcet and without cinacalcet. Intact parathyroid hormone was determined at baseline and 2 hr later. Using ambulatory blood pressure measurement, arterial blood pressure was determined every 15 min. RESULTS: Intact parathyroid hormone was significantly reduced with cinacalcet as compared with controls (-37±27.7% vs. -9.6±10.3%, P=0.009). With cinacalcet, urinary calcium and magnesium concentration were increased (P=0.042 and P=0.007, respectively) and differed significantly as compared with the control phase without cinacalcet. After 4 hr, an increased urinary sodium concentration was also found compared with the control phase (P=0.039). Systolic blood pressure was reduced with cinacalcet (P<0.001) and differed significantly from control phase (-13.7±9.9 mm Hg vs. -3.2±5.2 mm Hg after 2 hr, P=0.009; -18.1±10.8 mm Hg vs. -1.9±5.2 mm Hg after 4 hr, P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the short term, cinacalcet increases the urinary concentration of calcium, magnesium, and sodium. The observed antihypertensive effect might be beneficial in patients with a high cardiovascular risk after kidney transplantation.

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