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[Effects of urokinase intervention on endotoxin-induced DIC in Wistar rat model].

Author(s): Yuan KF, Liao XM, Yu L, Niu T, Zhang XL, Liu WP, Liao DY, Meng WT, Fei XF

Affiliation(s): Department of Hematology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Publication date & source: 2010-11, Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban., 41(6):965-9.

Publication type: English Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of urokinase intervention on endotoxin-induced DIC in Wistar rats model. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly assigned into 4 groups: normal saline (NS) group, urokinase (UK) group, endotoxin (LPS) group and LPS+ UK group. These agents were given to the rats by the tail vein intravenous infusion, NS group was treated with NS 2.5 mL/h x 4 h; UK group with NS 2.5 mL/h, 1 h later UK 4 IU/(g x h) x 3 h; LPS group with LPS 3 mg/(kg x h) x 4 h; LPS+UK group with LPS 3 mg/(kg x h) firstly, 1 h later UK 4 IU/(g x h) ) < 3 h. After the intervention, the function of coagulation and fibrinolysis, the indicators of organ damage and microcirculation fibrin micro-clots were evaluated. RESULTS: One hour after the infusion of 3 mg/(kg x h) of LPS, DIC signs began to appear, and became more apparent over time. After the intervention of urokinase, the values of clotting time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were significantly shorter, but the platelet count (PLT), the amount of fibrinogen (FIB) changed little. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) level decreased, while the D-dimer level increased. Serum creatinine (Cr), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) also decreased significantly. The biopsy of liver, kidney, and lung showed tissue damage became better, and the organ microcirculation fibrin micro-clots decreased significantly. CONCLUSION: The concentration of 3 mg/(kg x h) endotoxin can successfully induce DIC model in Wistar rats. Urokinase could play a positive role to prevent the LPS-induced DIC.

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