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Preparation of glucagon-like peptide-1 loaded PLGA microspheres: characterizations, release studies and bioactivities in vitro/in vivo.

Author(s): Yin D, Lu Y, Zhang H, Zhang G, Zou H, Sun D, Zhong Y

Affiliation(s): Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, PR China.

Publication date & source: 2008-02, Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo)., 56(2):156-61.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The gut hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is proposed for treatment of Type II diabetes mellitus. However, the short half life of GLP-1 in vivo is a major limitation for its application due to the frequent invasive administrations. To provide a optimal formulation to overcome this limitation, we developed a GLP-1 entrapped microspheres to achieve sustained release GLP-1 for 4-week. GLP-1 was stabilized by GLP-1-zinc complexation with zinc carbonate and encapsulated in poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) with S/O/O solvent extraction to obtain GLP-1 loaded PLGA microspheres (MS). The characteristics of MS were evaluated as follows: The surface morphology was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM); The drug encapsulation efficiency and GLP-1 controlled release profile was tested by HPLC; The sustained release of GLP-1 MS in vivo and pharmacological efficacy were studied in normal mice and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice model after subcutaneous administration of GLP-1 MS. GLP-1-zinc complexation significantly reduced initial burst release from 37.2 to 7.5%. The controlled release bioactive GLP-1 in vitro was achieved for 4-week period by zinc complexation and addition of ZnCO(3). The optimal and complete cumulative release of GLP-1 from MS was increased from 23 to 63% in 28 d by using low MW PLGA (MW 14000). The in vivo testing in normal mice and diabetic mice suggest that this zinc-stabilized technique combined with S/O/O method in the presence of water insoluble antacid additive ZnCO(3) preserve the biological activity of GLP-1. GLP-1 MS formulation achieved controlled released in vivo for 28 d and exhibit sustained long term pharmacological efficacy to decrease blood glucose level in diabetic mice. This GLP-1 MS formulation provides a practical formulation for long-term sustained delivery of GLP-1 to treat Type II diabetes.

Page last updated: 2008-03-26

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