DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Effectiveness of eutectic mixture of local anesthetic cream and occlusive dressing with low dosage of fentanyl for pain control during shockwave lithotripsy.

Author(s): Yilmaz E, Batislam E, Basar MM, Tuglu D, Ozcan S, Basar H

Affiliation(s): Department of Urology, University of Kirikkale, Faculty of Medicine, Kirikkale, Turkey. erdaly69@mynet.com

Publication date & source: 2005-06, J Endourol., 19(5):589-94.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate the effect and usefulness of Eutectic Mixture of Local Anesthetic (EMLA) applied with an occlusive dressing and used simultaneously with a low dose of fentanyl during shockwave lithotripsy (SWL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred sixty patients with kidney stones, aged between 19 and 68 years, were randomly divided into seven groups that were treated as follows: group 1: fentanyl 1 microg/kg by intravenous infusion (IV); group 2: IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg; group 3: occlusive dressing and IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg; group 4: placebo cream and IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg; group 5: EMLA cream and IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg; group 6: placebo cream and IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg with an occlusive dressing; and group 7: EMLA cream and IV fentanyl 0.25 microg/kg with an occlusive dressing. The mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate, ventilatory rate, and oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) were recorded on all patients. A visual analog scale 0-100 mm (VAS) was used for the evaluation of pain. The skin integrity was inspected to detect any lesions after SWL. RESULTS: The SpO(2) in group 1 was lower statistically than in the other groups. The VAS score in group 7 was clearly lower than in the others in the first, tenth, and twentieth minutes and at the end of SWL. In groups 6 and 7, additional fentanyl doses were lower than in the other groups, but only in group 7 was the total fentanyl dosage low. Skin lesions were not seen only in groups 3, 6, and 7. CONCLUSION: Use of EMLA and an occlusive dressing with low doses of fentanyl during SWL provides appropriate analgesia with minimal morbidity.

Page last updated: 2006-02-01

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017