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Dermatopharmacologic investigations of halobetasol propionate in comparison with clobetasol 17-propionate.

Author(s): Yawalkar S, Wiesenberg-Boettcher I, Gibson JR, Siskin SB, Pignat W

Affiliation(s): Pharmaceutical Division, Ciba-Geigy Limited, Basel, Switzerland.

Publication date & source: 1991-12, J Am Acad Dermatol., 25(6 Pt 2):1137-44.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial; Review

Both halobetasol propionate and clobetasol 17-propionate exerted very marked antiinflammatory, antiproliferative, and vasoconstrictive effects during evaluation in a range of dermatopharmacologic models. Halobetasol propionate was distinctly more potent than clobetasol 17-propionate in the ultraviolet-induced dermatitis inhibition assay in guinea pigs and in the rat model of oxazolone-induced late inflammatory reaction. Halobetasol propionate was slightly more potent than clobetasol 17-propionate in inhibiting croton oil-induced ear edema in rats and mice and in the mouse model of oxazolone-induced early inflammatory reaction. In the cotton-pellet granuloma assay in rats and the epidermal hyperplasia inhibition assay in guinea pigs, halobetasol propionate was distinctly superior to clobetasol 17-propionate. There was a trend in favor of halobetasol propionate in the cutaneous vasoconstriction assay performed in volunteers with ethanol solutions of halobetasol propionate and clobetasol 17-propionate. In a further vasoconstriction assay, performed with a 0.05% concentration of both halobetasol propionate and clobetasol 17-propionate in cream and ointment formulations, halobetasol propionate ointment yielded the highest blanching score. In a hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis study in volunteers, effects of 0.05% halobetasol propionate ointment and 0.05% clobetasol 17-propionate ointment on serum cortisol levels were similar. The overall efficacy trends demonstrated in these dermatopharmacologic studies are in agreement with predictions made from corticosteroid structure and activity relationships and the results of two clinical trials comparing halobetasol propionate and clobetasol 17-propionate ointments in the treatment of plaque psoriasis.

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