A comparison of the effects of hydromorphone HCl and a novel extended release hydromorphone on arterial blood gas values in conscious healthy dogs.
Author(s): Wunsch LA, Schmidt BK, Krugner-Higby LA, Smith LJ
Affiliation(s): Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2010-02, Res Vet Sci., 88(1):154-8. Epub 2009 Aug 18.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The purpose of this study was to evaluate arterial blood gases in dogs that were given hydromorphone or extended release liposome-encapsulated hydromorphone (LEH). Dogs were randomly administered LEH, n=6, (2.0 mg kg(-1)), hydromorphone, n=6, (0.2 mg kg(-1)) or a placebo of blank liposomes, n=3, subcutaneously on separate occasions. Arterial blood samples were drawn at serial time points over a 6-h time period for blood gas analysis. There was no change from baseline values in P(a)CO(2), P(a)O(2), (HCO(3)-), pH, and SBEc in the dogs that received the placebo. Administration of hydromorphone resulted in significant increases in P(a)CO(2) (maximum (mean+SD] 44.4+1.1mm of Hg) and significant decreases in P(a)O(2) (minimum (mean+SD) 82.4+4.7 mm of Hg) and pH (minimum (mean+SD) 7.31+0.01) compared with baseline. Administration of LEH resulted in significant increases in P(a)CO(2) (maximum (mean+SD) 44.6+0.9 mm of Hg) and significant decreases in P(a)O(2) (minimum (mean+SD) 84.8+2.6mm of Hg) and pH (minimum (mean+SD) 7.34+0.02) compared with baseline. There was no significant difference between these two groups at any time point. The changes observed in P(a)CO(2), P(a)O(2), and pH, however, were within clinically acceptable limits for healthy dogs. LEH was determined to cause moderate changes in arterial blood gas values similar to those caused by hydromorphone. Published by Elsevier India Pvt Ltd.