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Effect of Telavancin on the pharmacokinetics of the cytochrome P450 3A probe substrate midazolam: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study in healthy subjects.

Author(s): Wong SL, Goldberg MR, Ballow CH, Kitt MM, Barriere SL

Affiliation(s): Theravance, Inc., South San Francisco, California, USA.

Publication date & source: 2010-02, Pharmacotherapy., 30(2):136-43.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase I; Randomized Controlled Trial

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of telavancin, a lipoglycopeptide antibiotic with potent gram-positive activity, on the pharmacokinetics of midazolam, a cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A probe substrate. Design. Phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Setting. Clinical research center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen healthy adult volunteers. Intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to receive an intravenous infusion of telavancin 10 mg/kg or placebo once/day for 7 days. On day 7, a single dose of intravenous midazolam 1 mg was given immediately after completion of the last infusion of telavancin or placebo. Patients crossed over to the alternate treatment regimen after a washout period of at least 7 days. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pharmacokinetic sampling was performed on study days 7 and 21. Blood was collected before telavancin or placebo dosing and at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours after midazolam administration. Formal equivalence analysis using the two one-sided t test method showed that the geometric mean ratios for maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and areas under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) for midazolam coadministered with telavancin versus midazolam coadministered with placebo were close to unity. The 90% confidence intervals (CIs) around the ratios fell within the 0.8-1.25 bioequivalence bounds (geometric mean ratio for AUC from time zero to the last measured plasma concentration 0.95, 90% CI 0.910-0.984; C(max) geometric mean ratio 1.03, 90% CI 0.956-1.11). The multiple-dose pharmacokinetic profile of telavancin with concomitant administration of midazolam (C(max) 97 microg/ml, concentration 24 hrs after completion of telavancin infusion 9 microg/ml, terminal-phase elimination half-life 8.9 hrs, clearance 13.3 ml/hr/kg) was consistent with data from earlier studies. CONCLUSION: These pharmacokinetic data show that intravenous telavancin administered at the intended therapeutic dose does not affect the pharmacokinetics of intravenous midazolam. The results indicate that telavancin is unlikely to inhibit hepatic CYP3A activity to a clinically meaningful extent.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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