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Effect of initial combination therapy with sitagliptin and metformin on beta-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Author(s): Williams-Herman D, Xu L, Teng R, Golm GT, Johnson J, Davies MJ, Kaufman KD, Goldstein BJ

Affiliation(s): Department of Clinical Research, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp., Rahway, NJ, USA.

Publication date & source: 2011-08-22, Diabetes Obes Metab., [Epub ahead of print]

Aim: To examine the effect of sitagliptin and metformin, alone and in combination, on modelled parameters of beta-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The data used in the present analyses are from a 104-week study, which included a 24-week, placebo- and active controlled phase followed by a 30-week, active controlled, continuation phase and an additional 50-week, active controlled extension phase. Patients were randomised to one of six blinded treatments: sitagliptin 50 mg + metformin 1000 mg b.i.d., sitagliptin 50 mg + metformin 500 mg b.i.d., metformin 1000 mg b.i.d., metformin 500 mg b.i.d., sitagliptin 100 mg q.d. or placebo. Patients on placebo were switched in a blinded manner to metformin 1000 mg b.i.d. at week 24. Subsets of patients volunteered to undergo frequently sampled meal tolerance tests at baseline and at weeks 24, 54 and 104. beta-cell responsivity was assessed with the C-peptide minimal model. The static component (Phi(s) ) estimates the rate of insulin secretion related to above-basal glucose concentration. The dynamic component (Phi(d) ) is related to the rate of change in glucose. The total index (Phi(total) ) represents the overall response to a glycaemic stimulus and is calculated as a function of Phi(s) and Phi(d) . Insulin sensitivity was estimated with the Matsuda index (ISI). The disposition index, which assesses insulin secretion relative to the prevailing insulin sensitivity, was calculated based on the Phi(total) and ISI. Results: At week 24, substantial reductions in postmeal glucose were observed with all active treatment groups relative to the placebo group. Phi(s) , Phi(total) and the disposition index were significantly improved from baseline at week 24 with all active treatments relative to placebo. Generally larger effects were observed with the initial combination of sitagliptin and metformin relative to the monotherapy groups. When expressed as median percent change from baseline, Phi(s) increased from baseline by 137 and 177% in the low- and high-dose combination groups and by 85, 54, 73 and -9% in the high-dose metformin, low-dose metformin, sitagliptin monotherapy and placebo groups, respectively. At weeks 54 and 104, the combination treatment groups continued to demonstrate greater improvements in beta-cell function relative to their respective monotherapy groups. Conclusions: After 24 weeks of therapy, relative to placebo, initial treatment with sitagliptin or metformin monotherapy improved beta-cell function; moreover, initial combination therapy demonstrated larger improvements than the individual monotherapies. Improvements in beta-cell function were found with treatments for up to 2 years. (c) 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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