DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more



Efficacy of acrivastine plus pseudoephedrine for symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis due to mountain cedar.

Author(s): Williams BO, Hull H, McSorley P, Frosolono MF, Sanders RL

Affiliation(s): Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.

Publication date & source: 1996-05, Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol., 76(5):432-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Acrivastine is a second-generation H1-antagonist chemically related to triprolidine, but more polar and with less central nervous system penetration than triprolidine. OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of the antihistamine-decongestant combination product (Semprex-D capsules) containing acrivastine 8 mg plus pseudoephedrine HCl 60 mg was evaluated for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms. METHODS: A total of 676 patients sensitive to mountain cedar pollen was enrolled into a 6-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, 4-group study designed to compare acrivastine + pseudoephedrine, acrivastine, pseudoephedrine, and placebo. Patients with demonstrable diary symptom scores at baseline took study medication (4 doses/day) and recorded symptom scores twice daily for 2 weeks. The effectiveness of the acrivastine + pseudoephedrine combination was examined relative to the individual components and placebo in terms of changes in diary symptom scores. RESULTS: Over the 2-week period, the combination of acrivastine plus pseudoephedrine was significantly more effective than (1) acrivastine, pseudoephedrine, and placebo (P < .001) for relief of all symptoms; (2) pseudoephedrine (P < .001) for relieving allergy symptoms, ie, running nose, sneezing, itchy nose/throat and tearing; and (3) acrivastine (P < .001) for reducing nasal congestion. Relative to placebo, small increases in adverse experience rates were observed with acrivastine + pseudoephedrine for dry mouth, insomnia, somnolence, and headache. CONCLUSION: These findings in a large clinical trial demonstrate (1) the efficacy of acrivastine and (2) that each component of the combination of acrivastine 8 mg plus pseudoephedrine HCl 60 mg contributes to the overall efficacy, thereby supporting the conclusion that the combination is rational, safe, and effective for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
 
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2014