Efficacy of acrivastine plus pseudoephedrine for symptomatic relief of seasonal allergic rhinitis due to mountain cedar.
Author(s): Williams BO, Hull H, McSorley P, Frosolono MF, Sanders RL
Affiliation(s): Burroughs Wellcome Co, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.
Publication date & source: 1996-05, Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol., 76(5):432-8.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Acrivastine is a second-generation H1-antagonist chemically related to triprolidine, but more polar and with less central nervous system penetration than triprolidine. OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of the antihistamine-decongestant combination product (Semprex-D capsules) containing acrivastine 8 mg plus pseudoephedrine HCl 60 mg was evaluated for the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis symptoms. METHODS: A total of 676 patients sensitive to mountain cedar pollen was enrolled into a 6-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel, 4-group study designed to compare acrivastine + pseudoephedrine, acrivastine, pseudoephedrine, and placebo. Patients with demonstrable diary symptom scores at baseline took study medication (4 doses/day) and recorded symptom scores twice daily for 2 weeks. The effectiveness of the acrivastine + pseudoephedrine combination was examined relative to the individual components and placebo in terms of changes in diary symptom scores. RESULTS: Over the 2-week period, the combination of acrivastine plus pseudoephedrine was significantly more effective than (1) acrivastine, pseudoephedrine, and placebo (P < .001) for relief of all symptoms; (2) pseudoephedrine (P < .001) for relieving allergy symptoms, ie, running nose, sneezing, itchy nose/throat and tearing; and (3) acrivastine (P < .001) for reducing nasal congestion. Relative to placebo, small increases in adverse experience rates were observed with acrivastine + pseudoephedrine for dry mouth, insomnia, somnolence, and headache. CONCLUSION: These findings in a large clinical trial demonstrate (1) the efficacy of acrivastine and (2) that each component of the combination of acrivastine 8 mg plus pseudoephedrine HCl 60 mg contributes to the overall efficacy, thereby supporting the conclusion that the combination is rational, safe, and effective for the treatment of allergic rhinitis.