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Acid control with esomeprazole and lansoprazole: a comparative dose-response study.

Author(s): Wilder-Smith C, Lind T, Lundin C, Naucler E, Nilsson-Pieschl C, Rohss K

Affiliation(s): Brain-Gut Research Group, Gastroenterology Group Practice, Berne, Switzerland. info@ggp.ch

Publication date & source: 2007-02, Scand J Gastroenterol., 42(2):157-64.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of acid control and the dose-response relationships achieved with esomeprazole and lansoprazole. These data are relevant in helping clinicians to decide on whether to increase a proton-pump inhibitor dose, or whether to switch to an alterative drug for increased acid control. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In an open-label, single-centre, randomized, six-way crossover study, 40 healthy subjects received esomeprazole 20, 40 and 80 mg, and lansoprazole 15, 30 and 60 mg once daily for 5 days. The mean time with intragastric pH >4 and mean 24-h median intragastric pH on day 5 were analyzed using a mixed-model ANOVA. Post-hoc analyses were completed for 0-12-h (daytime) and 12-24-h (night-time) post-dose intervals. RESULTS: Increasing the dose of esomeprazole from 20 mg to 40 mg resulted in significantly improved acid control over 0-12, 12-24 and 0-24 h post-dose (p<0.001), but no significant improvement in acid control for either period was seen when further increasing the dose to 80 mg. Increasing the dose of lansoprazole from 15 mg to 30 mg or from 30 mg to 60 mg significantly improved acid control over 0-12 and 0-24 h (p<0.01) but not over 12-24 h. With the exception of the esomeprazole 20 mg versus lansoprazole 30 mg comparisons, and the esomeprazole 20 mg versus lansoprazole 15 mg during 12-24 h post-dose comparison, esomeprazole provided significantly greater acid control than lansoprazole at each dose level over 0-12, 12-24 and 0-24 h (p<0.05). Mean 24-h median intragastric pH was higher following esomeprazole dosing compared with lansoprazole at each dose level. CONCLUSIONS: For low-, standard- and double-dose comparisons, esomeprazole achieved greater elevation of gastric pH and better acid control in more subjects than lansoprazole. Use of esomeprazole may therefore reduce the need for dose adaptations or drug switching.

Page last updated: 2007-05-03

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