Evaluation of topical therapies for the treatment of dermatophyte-infected hairs from dogs and cats.
Author(s): White-Weithers N, Medleau L
Affiliation(s): Department of Small Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA.
Publication date & source: 1995-05, J Am Anim Hosp Assoc., 31(3):250-3.
Seven commonly used, topical antifungal products (i.e., lime sulfur, chlorhexidine, captan, povidone-iodine, sodium hypochlorite, and enilconazole solutions, and ketoconazole shampoo) were evaluated for their antifungal activity on Microsporum canis-infected hairs from dogs and cats in an in vitro study. Hairs were soaked or shampooed in each product for five minutes twice a week for four weeks. Of the seven products used in this study, lime sulfur and enilconazole solutions were superior in inhibiting fungal growth; no growth occurred on fungal cultures after two treatments with either product. Chlorhexidine and povidone iodine solutions were effective after four treatments, and sodium hypochlorite solution and ketoconazole shampoo inhibited fungal growth after eight treatments. Captan did not inhibit fungal growth during the test period.