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Impact of angiotensin receptor blockade in combination with hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg in 2121 patients with stage 1-2 hypertension.

Author(s): White WB, Davidai G, Schumacher H

Affiliation(s): Division of Hypertension and Clinical Pharmacology, Pat and Jim Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. Wwhite@NSO1.uchc.edu

Publication date & source: 2009-12, J Hum Hypertens., 23(12):817-25. Epub 2009 Apr 9.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

The antihypertensive effects of telmisartan 80 mg versus valsartan 160 mg, both combined with hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg, were assessed in a pooled analysis from two large trials with identical study designs in patients with stage 1-2 hypertension. The trials were double-blind with a 4:4:1 randomization scheme to compare once-daily telmisartan 80 mg and HCTZ 25 mg versus once-daily valsartan 160 mg and HCTZ 25 mg versus once-daily placebo on reductions in clinic blood pressure (BP). The primary end point was changes from baseline in BP at the end of 8 weeks. In total, 2121 patients were randomized (telmisartan-HCTZ, 942, valsartan-HCTZ, 952, and placebo, 227) and had baseline seated BPs of 154/102 and 155/102 mm Hg in the two studies, respectively. Changes from baseline in BP after administration of telmisartan-HCTZ (-24.5/-18.0 mm Hg) were significantly greater than for both placebo (-4.1/-6.5 mm Hg) and valsartan-HCTZ (-22.3/-16.8 mm Hg) (versus placebo, P<0.0001 for systolic and diastolic BP; versus valsartan-HCTZ, P=0.0004 for systolic BP and P=0.0019 for diastolic BP). Adverse event rates were higher in the placebo group than in the active treatment groups (placebo, 41%, telmisartan-HCTZ, 30%, and valsartan-HCTZ, 30%, P<0.05). These data confirm that telmisartan-HCTZ at doses of 80/25 mg lowered systolic and diastolic BP to a greater extent than valsartan-HCTZ at doses of 160/25 mg in stage 1-2 hypertension. The magnitude of the BP-lowering effect provides support for the use of angiotensin receptor blockers with higher doses of a thiazide diuretic (25 mg) to improve hypertension control.

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