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Heat shock protein (HSP-72) levels in skeletal muscle following work in heat.

Author(s): Watkins AM, Cheek DJ, Harvey AE, Goodwin JD, Blair KE, Mitchell JB

Affiliation(s): Department of Kinesiology, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA.

Publication date & source: 2007-09, Aviat Space Environ Med., 78(9):901-5.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

INTRODUCTION: Acute bouts of heat stress and exercise have been shown to independently increase heat shock protein levels; however, the combination of these two stressors on HSP-72 expression in human skeletal muscle has not been established. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a bout of exercise in the heat on HSP-72 expression. METHODS: There were eight recreationally active men (Age = 26.4 +/- 3.1 yr, V(O2)peak = 4.01 +/- 0.25 L min(- 1)) who completed two 30-min bouts of cycle ergometry at 75% of V(O2)peak in a hot (39 degrees C; RH 30%) and cold (9 degrees C; RH 61%) environment. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis prior to, 6 h post, and 24 h post-exercise to measure HSP-72 protein. Core rectal temperature (Tc), average skin temperature (T(SK)), intramuscular temperature (T(IM)), heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (V(O2)), sweat rate (SR), and plasma cortisol were measured to determine thermal loads. RESULTS: No significant interactions were present between V(O2) (2.80 +/- 0.2 vs. 2.65 +/- 0.1 L min(-1)) or plasma cortisol (27.1 +/- 2 vs. 19.2 +/- 4 microg dl(-1)) when comparing HT and CD. HR (184 +/- 5 vs. 159 +/- 7 bpm), T(IM) (40.7 +/- 0.2 vs. 40.0 +/- 0.2 degrees C), Tc (38.3 +/- 0.2 vs. 37.9 +/- 0.1 degrees C), T(SK) (36.7 +/- 0.2 vs. 29.6 +/- 0.8 degrees C), and SR (2.0 +/- 0.2 vs. 1.2 +/- 0.2 L h(-1)) were significantly greater when comparing HT and CD. HSP-72 was not altered as a result of either treatment (4.04 +/- 0.87 vs. 2.91 +/- 1.58 ng microg(-1) protein for HT and CD at 6 h post-exercise). DISCUSSION: Exercise in the heat produced a greater thermal load than exercise in the cold; however, no significant increases in HSP-72 were seen when comparing hot and cold conditions.

Page last updated: 2007-10-18

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