Heart transplantation under cyclosporine or tacrolimus combined with mycophenolate mofetil or everolimus.
Author(s): Wang SS, Chou NK, Chi NH, Wu IH, Chen YS, Yu HY, Huang SC, Wang CH, Ko WJ, Tsao CI, Sun CD
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.
Publication date & source: 2008-10, Transplant Proc., 40(8):2607-8.
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined whether cyclosporine was effective when combined with everolimus in clinical heart transplantation (HT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From August 2004 to July 2007, 108 adult patients underwent primary HT. The main exclusion criteria were: donors >60 years; cold ischemia times >6 hours; recipients of multiorgan transplantation or a previous transplantation; and panel-reactive antibodies >/=25%. The cyclosporine plus everolimus regimen (group CE, n = 32) was suggested first; upon refusal or if the recipient or donor was positive for hepatitis B surface antigen or PCR + hepatitis C infection, then patient was randomly assigned to success cyclosporine plus mycophenolate mofetil (MMF; group CM, n = 24) or tacrolimus plus MMF (group TM, n = 25). All patients underwent similar operative procedures and postoperative care with protocol endomyocardial biopsies. RESULTS: No 30-day mortality was noted in any group. The efficacy failure rates were 3%, 25%, and 16% in groups CE, CM, and TM, respectively (P = .04 between groups CE and CM). The 1-year survivals were 96.7% +/- 18.1%, 89.7% +/- 29.8%, and 81.0% +/- 35.5% for groups CE, CM, and TM, respectively (P = .04 between groups CE and TM). The 3-year survival rates were 91.9% +/- 28.3%, 79.8% +/- 46.0%, and 81.0% +/- 35.5% in groups CE, CM, and TM, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The 3 immunosuppressive regimens offered good efficacy after HT. The cyclosporine plus everolimus regimen showed a significantly better result with less efficacy failure (compared with cyclosporine plus MMF: 3% vs 25%) and better 1-year survival compared with tacrolimus plus MMF: 96.7% vs 81.0%.