DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

[Alendronate prevents steroid-induced osteoporosis in patients with rheumatic diseases]

Author(s): Wang QH, Wu HX, Huang YL, Xue J, Yang XY, Zhu L, Wen LH

Affiliation(s): Department of Rheumatology, Second Affiliated Hospital of School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China.

Publication date & source: 2008-07-15, Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi., 88(27):1888-91.

Publication type: English Abstract; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of alendronate (Alen) on the prevention of systemic glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in patients with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: 140 patients suffering from rheumatic diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and Sjogren's syndrome, with normal bone mineral density (BMD) and treated with oral glucocorticoids were randomly divided into 2 groups: Alen + calcium group (n = 74) receiving Alen 10 mg once a day and castrate D 600 0.6 g once a day for 24 weeks and control group (n = 66) receiving castrate D 600 0.6 g once a day for 24 weeks. The BMD and biomarkers of bone turnover were measured at baseline and 24 weeks after initiating glucocorticoid therapy. RESULTS: After 24 weeks, the BMD values at lumbar spine, femoral neck, major trochanter, and Ward' s triangle increased by 6.1%, 6.3%, 3.3%, and 2.2% respectively compared with those at baseline (all P<0.05), however, those of the control group decreased by 8.7%, 9.1%, 7.7%, and 6.4% respectively (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the BMD levels at lumbar spine and femoral neck 24 weeks later of the Alen + calcium group were both higher than those of the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). 24 weeks later the level of urine cross linked N-telopeptides of type I collagen (NTX) of the Alen + calcium group decreased (P<0.05), and the blood osteocalcin (BGP) of the Alen + calcium group increased, however, not significantly (P>0.05). There were no significant differences in serum AKP and BGP and urine NTX 24 weeks later between these 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Improving BMD, alendronate plays an important role in the prevention of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. However, calcium treatment alone fails to prevent the loss of bone.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017