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Influence of epidural dexamethasone on maternal temperature and serum cytokine concentration after labor epidural analgesia.

Author(s): Wang LZ, Hu XX, Liu X, Qian P, Ge JM, Tang BL

Affiliation(s): Department of Anesthesiology, Jiaxing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Jiaxing, China. jxlzw@sina.com

Publication date & source: 2011-04, Int J Gynaecol Obstet., 113(1):40-3.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of epidural dexamethasone on maternal temperature and serum cytokine levels after labor epidural analgesia. METHODS: Sixty healthy term nulliparas in spontaneous labor were randomized to receive epidural analgesia alone using bupivacaine 0.125% and fentanyl 1 mug/mL (group I) or epidural analgesia combined with dexamethasone 0.2mg/mL (group II) (n=30 per group). Maternal tympanic temperature was measured before epidural analgesia and hourly thereafter until delivery. Maternal and cord venous blood were sampled for analysis of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-10 levels. RESULTS: There was no difference in the incidence of intrapartum fever (38 degrees C or more) between the 2 groups (3/30 versus 1/30, P=0.612). The mean maternal temperature increased with time in group I, with the elevation reaching statistical significance at 4 hours post analgesia and at delivery compared with baseline (P=0.012 and P=0.043, respectively). A similar trend was observed with maternal serum IL-6 levels in group I. In group II, maternal temperature and IL-6 levels did not differ from baseline at any time point during labor. CONCLUSION: Epidural dexamethasone alleviates maternal temperature elevation after epidural analgesia. This effect can be attributed to the decrease in IL-6 levels. Copyright (c) 2011 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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