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Dexamethasone reduces nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Author(s): Wang JJ, Ho ST, Liu YH, Lee SC, Liu YC, Liao YC, Ho CM.

Affiliation(s): Department of Anaesthesiology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Publication date & source: 1999, Br J Anaesth. , 83(5):772-5

We have evaluated the antiemetic effect of i.v. dexamethasone compared with saline in the prevention of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We studied 90 patients requiring general anaesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The dexamethasone group (n = 45) received dexamethasone 8 mg i.v. and the saline group received saline 2 ml i.v. at induction of anaesthesia. Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. We found that 10% of patients in the dexamethasone group compared with 34% in the saline group reported vomiting (P < 0.05). Of note, the total incidence of nausea and vomiting was 23% in the dexamethasone group and 63% in the saline group (P < 0.001). We conclude that dexamethasone 8 mg significantly decreased the incidence of nausea and vomiting after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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