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Dry mouth with conventional and controlled-release oxybutynin in urinary incontinence. The Ditropan XL Study Group.

Author(s): Versi E, Appell R, Mobley D, Patton W, Saltzstein D

Affiliation(s): Division of Urogynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Publication date & source: 2000-05, Obstet Gynecol., 95(5):718-21.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of controlled-release oxybutynin with conventional, immediate-release oxybutynin and determine rates of dry mouth. METHODS: Patients (n = 226) who were known to be responsive to anticholinergic therapy and who had seven or more urge incontinence episodes per week were randomized to receive controlled-release oxybutynin or immediate-release oxybutynin. After an initial placebo run-in period, dosing in each began at 5 mg per day and increased weekly by 5 mg per day to a maximum of 20 mg per day or when a balance between improvement of incontinence symptoms and tolerability of side effects was achieved. Rates of urge incontinence and dry mouth were compared. Post hoc Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to describe elimination of incontinence episodes by dose and to analyze dry mouth risk by dose. RESULTS: Reductions in urge urinary incontinence episodes from baseline to the end of treatment were 18.6 to 2.9 per week (83% mean decrease) and 19.8 to 4.4 per week (76% mean decrease) in the controlled- and immediate-release oxybutynin groups (P =.36), respectively. At equal doses, comparable proportions of patients in both groups reported the absence of urge incontinence (P =.85). The incidence of dry mouth increased with dose in both groups, but there was no difference in dry mouth rates between the groups: 47.7% and 59.1% for the controlled- and immediate-release oxybutynin (P =.09), respectively. However, Kaplan-Meier analysis to examine first report of dry mouth at a given dose revealed that a significantly lower proportion of patients taking controlled-release oxybutynin had moderate to severe dry mouth (P =.007) or any dry mouth (P =.003) compared with those taking immediate-release oxybutynin. CONCLUSION: At the same daily dose, controlled- and immediate-release oxybutynin demonstrated comparable efficacy in reduction of urge incontinence episodes. The incidence of dry mouth was dose dependent but equal in both groups; first report of moderate to severe dry mouth was significantly lower in the controlled-release group.

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