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Regulation of basal, pulsatile, and entropic (patterned) modes of GH secretion in a putatively low-somatostatin milieu in women.

Author(s): Veldhuis JD, Hudson SA, Bailey JN, Erickson D

Affiliation(s): Departments of Internal Medicine, Mayo Medical and Graduate Schools of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. veldhuis.johannes@mayo.edu

Publication date & source: 2009-08, Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab., 297(2):E483-9. Epub 2009 Jun 2.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Somatostatin (SS) released by hypothalamic neurons inhibits GH exocytosis noncompetitively. Therefore, we postulated that attenuation of GH feedback-induced SS outflow would help to unmask covariates of endogenous secretagogue drive. To this end, 42 healthy pre- and postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to receive leuprolide plus estradiol (E(2)) or leuprolide plus placebo. A putatively low-SS milieu was imposed by L-arginine infusion. Deconvolution and regularity analyses were applied to 6-h GH concentration-time profiles. By two-way ANOVA, age negatively (P < 0.001) and E(2) positively (P = 0.001) determined pulsatile GH secretion in the presumptively SS-deficient milieu (P < 0.001). Comparable effects were exerted on the mass of GH secreted per burst per unit distribution volume (age P = 0.001, E(2) P < 0.001, overall P < 0.001). E(2) alone predicted basal (nonpulsatile) GH secretion (P = 0.004). Stepwise forward-selection multivariate regression demonstrated that age (P = 0.0017) and E(2) (P = 0.0002) together explained 46% of intersubject variability in pulsatile GH secretion (P < 0.001) and fully replaced the negative univariate effect of abdominal visceral fat (r(2) = 0.32, P < 0.001). Moreover, age and E(2) (but not AVF) interacted to supervise GH regularity (P = 0.007). We conclude that age and E(2) availability individually and together constitute primary predictors of basal, pulsatile, and patterned GH secretion in an inferentially feedback-silenced context in healthy women. Therefore, both factors must be considered in framing hypotheses of endogenous GH drive.

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