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Baseline lipid levels rather than the presence of reported body shape changes determine the degree of improvement in lipid levels after switching to atazanavir.

Author(s): van Vonderen MG, Gras L, Wit F, Brinkman K, van der Ende ME, Hoepelman AI, de Wolf F, Reiss P

Affiliation(s): Department of Internal Medicine, Medisch Centrum Leeuwarden, Leeuwarden, The Netherlands. M.van.Vonderen@znb.nl

Publication date & source: 2009-05, HIV Clin Trials., 10(3):168-80.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

PURPOSE: To study factors influencing lipid changes after switching to atazanavir (ATV) and the effectiveness of ATV in maintaining virus suppression. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in patients with viral suppression, comparing patients switching to ATV with those continuing combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Outcome measures were 48-week total (TC), high-density (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides (TG) changes, stratified for dyslipidemia and lipodystrophy and virological failure (time to first of two consecutive detectable HIV RNA). RESULTS: 225 patients switched to ATV (193 [85.8%] RTV boosted), and 3120 continued cART. In patients with baseline TC >6.2 mmol/L, those switching had greater mean (95% CI) TC decreases compared to those continuing cART (-1.26 [-1.63 to -0.89] and -0.54 [-0.64 to -0.44] mmol/L, p = .002). Likewise greater TG changes were observed in patients with high (>2.3 mmol/L) baseline TG (-1.44 [-2.05 to -0.83] and -0.54 [-0.70 to -0.38] mmol/L, p = .002). Effects were seen irrespective of presence of lipodystrophy. Patients switching to ATV had virological failure more often (17/224 [7.8%]) than those continuing cART (73/3100 [2.4%], p < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with virological suppression, including those with lipodystrophy, may benefit from switching to ATV with lipid profile improvement, especially if baseline lipid levels are high. This should be balanced against a possible higher virological failure risk.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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