Pregabalin in the treatment of post-traumatic peripheral neuropathic pain: a randomized double-blind trial.
Author(s): van Seventer R, Bach FW, Toth CC, Serpell M, Temple J, Murphy TK, Nimour M
Affiliation(s): Pain Clinic, Amphia Hospital, Breda, The Netherlands.
Publication date & source: 2010-08, Eur J Neurol., 17(8):1082-9. Epub 2010 Mar 4.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin is effective in the treatment of peripheral and central neuropathic pain. This study evaluated pregabalin in the treatment of post-traumatic peripheral neuropathic pain (including post-surgical). METHODS: Patients with a pain score >or=4 (0-10 scale) were randomized and treated with either flexible-dose pregabalin 150-600 mg/day (n = 127) or placebo (n = 127) in an 8-week double-blind treatment period preceded by a 2-week placebo run-in. RESULTS: Pregabalin was associated with a significantly greater improvement in the mean end-point pain score vs. placebo; mean treatment difference was -0.62 (95% CI -1.09 to -0.15) (P = 0.01). The average pregabalin dose at end-point was approximately 326 mg/day. Pregabalin was also associated with significant improvements from baseline in pain-related sleep interference, and the Medical Outcomes Study sleep scale sleep problems index and sleep disturbance subscale (all P < 0.001). In the all-patient group (ITT), pregabalin was associated with a statistically significant improvement in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale anxiety subscale (P < 0.05). In total, 29% of patients had moderate/severe baseline anxiety; treatment with pregabalin in this subset did not significantly improve anxiety. More patients reported global improvement at end-point with pregabalin than with placebo (68% vs. 43%; overall P < 0.01). Adverse events led to discontinuation of 20% of patients from pregabalin and 7% from placebo. Mild or moderate dizziness and somnolence were the most common adverse events in the pregabalin group. CONCLUSION: Flexible-dose pregabalin 150-600 mg/day was effective in relieving neuropathic pain, improving disturbed sleep, improving overall patient status, and was generally well tolerated in patients with post-traumatic peripheral neuropathic pain.