Combining tiotropium and salmeterol in COPD: Effects on airflow obstruction and symptoms.
Author(s): van Noord JA, Aumann JL, Janssens E, Smeets JJ, Zaagsma J, Mueller A, Cornelissen PJ
Affiliation(s): Department of Respiratory Diseases, Atrium medisch centrum, Henri Dunantstraat 5, 6419 PC Heerlen, The Netherlands. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2010-07, Respir Med., 104(7):995-1004. Epub 2010 Mar 29.
BACKGROUND: Clinical information on 24-h spirometric efficacy of combining tiotropium and salmeterol compared to single-agent therapy is lacking in patients with COPD. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, four-way crossover study of 6-week treatment periods comparing combination therapy of tiotropium 18 microg plus qd or bid salmeterol 50 microg versus single-agent therapy. Serial 24-h spirometry (FEV(1), FVC), effects on dyspnea (TDI focal score) and rescue salbutamol use were evaluated in 95 patients. RESULTS: Tiotropium plus qd salmeterol was superior to tiotropium or salmeterol alone in average FEV(1) (0-24h) by 72 mL and 97 mL (p<0.0001), respectively. Compared to this qd regimen, combination therapy including bid salmeterol provided comparable daytime (0-12h: 12 mL, p=0.38) bronchodilator effects, but significantly more bronchodilation during the night-time (12-24h: 73 mL, p<0.0001). Clinically relevant improvements in TDI focal score were achieved with bronchodilator combinations including salmeterol qd or bid (2.56 and 2.71; p<0.005 versus components). Symptom benefit of combination therapies was also reflected in less need for reliever medication. All treatments were well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Compared to single-agent therapy, combination therapy of tiotropium plus salmeterol in COPD provided clinically meaningful improvements in airflow obstruction and dyspnea as well as a reduction in reliever medication. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.