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The effect of treatment with bisoprolol-first versus enalapril-first on cardiac structure and function in heart failure.

Author(s): van de Ven LL, van Veldhuisen DJ, Goulder M, Zilahi Z, Meyer WR, Willenheimer R

Affiliation(s): Clinquest Europe, Oss, Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 2010-09-24, Int J Cardiol., 144(1):59-63. Epub 2009 May 28.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: In CIBIS III, initiating chronic heart failure (CHF) treatment with bisoprolol (target dose 10 mg q.d.) followed by combination therapy with enalapril (target dose 10 mg b.i.d.), compared to the opposite order, showed similar effects on survival and hospitalization. By echocardiography, we evaluated the effects of these treatment strategies on cardiac structure and function. METHODS: In a single-centre substudy, we compared the impact on left ventricular (LV) dimensions and ejection fraction (EF) of treatment with bisoprolol-first (n=21) and enalapril-first (n=19) in 40 beta-blocker and angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor naive patients, with stable, mild or moderate CHF (NYHA II-III) and LVEF </=35%. Echocardiography was performed at baseline, after the 6-month monotherapy phase and after 12 months, i.e. after 6 months combination therapy. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar across treatment groups. After 6 months LVEF increased by 5.1+/-4.0 EF-% (P<0.0001) with Bisoprolol and 4.0+/-4.0 EF-% (P=0.0005), with enalapril (between-group P=0.47). LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) decreased by 8.1+/-4.7 ml (P<0.0001) with bisoprolol and by 4.6+/-8.2 ml (P=0.03) with enalapril (between-group P=0.16). Mean wall thickness (WT) decreased by 0.31+/-0.43 mm (P=0.004) with bisoprolol and by 0.18+/-0.48 mm (P=0.11) with enalapril (between-group P=0.29). From baseline to 12 months, LVEF increased by 7.5+/-4.0 EF-% (P<0.0001) in Bisoprolol first group and 6.0+/-4.6 EF-% (P<0.0001), in the enalapril first group (between-group P=0.31). LVEDV decreased by 12.9+/-6.3 ml (P<0.0001) with bisoprolol-first and by 7.9+/-7.7 ml (P=0.0006) with enalapril-first (between-group P=0.16) and WT decreased by 0.38+/-0.44 mm (P=0.0008) and 0.59+/-0.54 mm (P=0.0004), respectively (between-group P=0.10). CONCLUSION: During both monotherapy and combined therapy, bisoprolol-first and enalapril-first similarly reversed cardiac remodelling and improved LVEF. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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