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Spectral entropy monitoring is associated with reduced propofol use and faster emergence in propofol-nitrous oxide-alfentanil anesthesia.

Author(s): Vakkuri A, Yli-Hankala A, Sandin R, Mustola S, Hoymork S, Nyblom S, Talja P, Sampson T, van Gils M, Viertio-Oja H

Affiliation(s): Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Surgical Hospital, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. vakkuri@hus.fi

Publication date & source: 2005-08, Anesthesiology., 103(2):274-9.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: This multicenter study evaluated the effect of a new depth of anesthesia-monitoring device based on time-frequency-balanced spectral entropy of electroencephalogram monitoring (GE Healthcare Finland, Helsinki, Finland) on consumption of anesthetic drugs and recovery times after anesthesia. METHODS: The study was a prospective, randomized, single-blind study performed in six hospitals in Finland, Sweden, and Norway. After institutional review board approval and written informed consent from each patient, the patients were randomly allocated to anesthesia with entropy values either shown (entropy group) or not shown (control group). Anesthesia was maintained with propofol, nitrous oxide, and alfentanil. In the entropy group, propofol was given to keep the state entropy value between 45 and 65, and alfentanil was given to keep the state entropy-response entropy difference below 10 units and heart rate and blood pressure within +/-20% of the baseline values. The control group patients were anesthetized to keep heart rate and blood pressure within +/-20% of the baseline values. Statistical methods included Mann-Whitney U test and unpaired t tests. RESULTS: A total of 368 patients were studied. In the entropy group, entropy values were higher during the whole operation and especially during the last 15 min (P < 0.001). Consequently, propofol consumption was smaller in the entropy group during the whole anesthesia period (P < 0.001) and especially during the last 15 min (P < 0.001). This shortened the time delay in the early recovery parameters in the entropy group. CONCLUSION: Entropy monitoring assisted titration of propofol, especially during the last part of the procedures, as indicated by higher entropy values, decreased consumption of propofol, and shorter recovery times in the entropy group.

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