Arbaclofen placarbil in GERD: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Author(s): Vakil NB, Huff FJ, Bian A, Jones DS, Stamler D
Affiliation(s): University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53066, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2011-08, Am J Gastroenterol., 106(8):1427-38. Epub 2011 Apr 26.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
OBJECTIVES: It has been shown that arbaclofen placarbil (AP) inhibits reflux in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) following single oral dosing. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of AP over 4 weeks in subjects with symptomatic GERD. METHODS: One hundred fifty-six subjects with heartburn and/or regurgitation >/=3 days/week and either no history of taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs naive, n=58) or at least partial symptom response to PPI therapy (PPI responsive, n=98) were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. All GERD therapies including PPIs were discontinued 2 weeks before randomization to AP 20, 40, or 60 mg daily, 30 mg twice daily, or placebo for 4 weeks. Randomization was stratified by prior PPI use. RESULTS: In the primary analysis, change from baseline in weekly heartburn events between AP and placebo for the entire study group was not statistically significant. However, a significant interaction was observed between prior PPI use and response to AP treatment. In pre-planned secondary analyses of the PPI-responsive subgroup, percent reductions from baseline in weekly heartburn events were greater for each AP dose vs. placebo (P<0.05) and the percentage of subjects who reported complete resolution of heartburn during week 4 was higher in each AP treatment group (21, 28, 30, and 50% for AP 20, 40, 60 mg daily, and 30 mg twice daily, respectively) compared with placebo (6%) (P<0.05 for 30 mg twice daily). Corresponding analyses of the PPI-naive subgroup showed no significant differences. AP was well tolerated; withdrawals due to adverse events were infrequent. CONCLUSIONS: AP was not superior to placebo in reducing the number of weekly heartburn events over 4 weeks in the primary analysis of the entire study population. Exploratory subgroup analyses suggest that response to PPI treatment before the study was associated with a response to AP treatment.