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Combination sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens versus metronidazole 0.75% cream for rosacea.

Author(s): Torok HM, Webster G, Dunlap FE, Egan N, Jarratt M, Stewart D

Affiliation(s): Trillium Creek Dermatology Center, 5783 Wooster Pike, Medina, OH 44256, USA. helenmtorok@aol.com

Publication date & source: 2005-06, Cutis., 75(6):357-63.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Topical metronidazole and combination sodium sulfacetamide and sulfur commonly are used to treat rosacea. Recently, the relative efficacy and safety of sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens (Rosac Cream) (n = 75) and metronidazole 0.75% cream (Metrocream) (n = 77) were compared in an investigator-blinded, randomized, parallel-group study at 6 sites. After 12 weeks of treatment with sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens, there was a significantly greater percentage reduction (80%) in inflammatory lesions compared with metronidazole 0.75% cream (72%)(P = .04), as well as a significantly greater percentage of subjects with improved erythema (69% vs 45%, respectively; P = .0007). In addition, the sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens group had a significantly greater proportion of subjects with success in global improvement at week 12 compared with the metronidazole 0.75% cream group (79% vs 59%, respectively; P = .01). There was no significant difference between treatment groups in the percentage of subjects with improvement in investigator global severity. Overall tolerance was good or excellent in 85% of subjects in the sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens group and in 97% of subjects in the metronidazole 0.75% cream group. Seven subjects had poor tolerance to the sodium sulfacetamide 10% and sulfur 5% cream with sunscreens, possibly caused by a sulfa drug allergy.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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