Clindamycin with primaquine vs. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole therapy for mild and moderately severe Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in patients with AIDS: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial (CTN 004). CTN-PCP Study Group.
Author(s): Toma E, Thorne A, Singer J, Raboud J, Lemieux C, Trottier S, Bergeron MG, Tsoukas C, Falutz J, Lalonde R, Gaudreau C, Therrien R
Affiliation(s): Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier de l'Universite de Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Publication date & source: 1998-09, Clin Infect Dis., 27(3):524-30.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
This double-blind, randomized, multicenter trial compared clindamycin/primaquine (Cm/Prq) with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) as therapy for AIDS-related Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Forty-five patients received clindamycin (450 mg four times daily [q.i.d.]) and primaquine (15 mg of base/d); 42 received TMP-SMZ (320 mg/1,600 mg q.i.d. if weight of > or = 60 kg or 240 mg/1,200 mg q.i.d. if weight of < 60 kg) plus placebo primaquine. Overall, the efficacy of Cm/Prq was similar to that of TMP-SMZ (success rate, 76% vs. 79%, respectively); Cm/Prq was associated with fewer adverse events (P = .04), less steroid use (P = .18), and more rashes (P = .07). These differences were even greater for patients with PaO2 of > 70 mm Hg (P = .02, P = .04, and P = .02, respectively). For patients with PaO2 of < or = 70 mm Hg (23 Cm/Prq recipients and 21 TMP-SMZ recipients), the efficacy of Cm/Prq was similar to that of TMP-SMZ (success rate, 74% vs. 76%, respectively); Cm/Prq was associated with similar adverse events (P = .57), steroid use (P = .74), and rashes (P = .78). This trial confirms that Cm/Prq is a reasonable alternative therapy for mild and moderately severe PCP.