Inhibition of the metabolism of brotizolam by erythromycin in humans: in vivo evidence for the involvement of CYP3A4 in brotizolam metabolism.
Author(s): Tokairin T, Fukasawa T, Yasui-Furukori N, Aoshima T, Suzuki A, Inoue Y, Tateishi T, Otani K
Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry, Yamagata University School of Medicine, Yamagata, Japan.
Publication date & source: 2005-08, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 60(2):172-5.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
AIMS: To obtain in vivo evidence for the involvement of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 in the metabolism of brotizolam. METHODS: Fourteen healthy male volunteers received erythromycin 1200 mg day(-1) or placebo for 7 days in a double-blind randomized crossover manner. On the 6th day they received a single oral 0.5-mg dose of brotizolam, and blood samplings were performed for 24 h. RESULTS: Erythromycin treatment significantly increased the peak plasma concentration (P < 0.05), total area under the plasma concentration-time curve (P < 0.01), and elimination half-life (P < 0.01) of brotizolam. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides in vivo evidence for the involvement of CYP3A4 in brotizolam metabolism.