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Management of pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease.

Author(s): Toganel R, Benedek I, Suteu C, Blesneac C

Affiliation(s): Institute of Cardiovasculare Diseases and Transplantation, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Targu-Mures, Romania. roditog@yahoo.com

Publication date & source: 2007, Rom J Intern Med., 45(3):229-34.

Publication type: Review

Congenital heart diseases are the most common congenital malformations and account for about eight cases per 1000 births and are often associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Increased shear stress and the excess flow through the pulmonary vascular bed due to a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt lead to the development of pulmonary vascular disease and an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. Without surgical repair approximately 30% of patients develop pulmonary vascular disease. Eisenmenger syndrome represents the extreme end of pulmonary arterial hypertension with congenital heart disease. We summarized the current therapeutic options for pulmonary arterial hypertension; conventional treatments including calcium channel blockers, anticoagulation, digitalis, diuretics, and new treatment: prostacyclin, bosentan, sildenafil, ambrisentan. Preliminary data of new therapies are encouraging with disease significantly improved natural history, but there is need for more evidence-based data.

Page last updated: 2008-06-22

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