Inhaled fluticasone propionate reduces postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness.
Author(s): Tazeh-Kand NF, Eslami B, Mohammadian K
Affiliation(s): Roointan-Arash Hospital, Tehranpars, Tehran, Iran. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2010-10, Anesth Analg., 111(4):895-8. Epub 2010 Mar 17.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Sore throat is a common complication after surgery. Postoperative cough and hoarseness can also be distressing to patients. We sought to determine the effect of an inhaler steroid on sore throat, cough, and hoarseness during the first 24 hours of the postoperative period. METHODS: We enrolled 120 women with ASA physical status I or II and term singleton pregnancy who were scheduled for elective cesarean delivery under general anesthesia. Patients were randomized into 2 groups: in the sitting position, group F patients received 500 mug inhaled fluticasone propionate via a spacer device during 2 deep inspirations, after arrival in the operating room, and group C had no treatment. The patients were interviewed by a blinded investigator for postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness at 1 and 24 hours after surgery. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in age, height, weight, body mass index, duration of surgery, intubation, and grade of laryngeal exposure between the 2 groups. The incidence of sore throat, cough, and hoarseness was significantly lower in group F (3.33%, 3.33%, and 3.33%) compared with the control group (36.67%, 18.33%, and 35%) (P < 0.05 for all comparisons), not only in the first postoperative hour but also 24 hours after surgery (13.33%, 13.33%, and 25% in group F vs 40%, 41.67%, and 50% in the control group). The incidence of moderate and severe hoarseness in group F at the first hour was significantly less than the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Inhaled fluticasone propionate decreases the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat, cough, and hoarseness in patients undergoing cesarean delivery under general anesthesia.