Effects of enalapril and losartan in left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction: a possible mechanism of prevention of cardiac events by angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers in high-risk myocardial infarction.
Author(s): Tani S, Nagao K, Anazawa T, Kawamata H, Furuya S, Takahashi H, Iida K, Matsumoto M, Kumabe N, Onikura M, Hirayama A
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology, Nihon University Surugadai Hospital, Tokyo. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2009, Intern Med., 48(11):877-82. Epub 2009 Jun 1.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to have a significant cardioprotective effect in high-risk patients after myocardial infarction (MI). However, there are few data on the effects of these drugs on left-ventricular (LV) remodeling after MI in Japanese patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We randomly assigned 100 patients with anterior-wall MI who had received reperfusion therapy to treatment with either enalapril (n=50) or losartan (n=50), and calculated the LV ejection fraction (LVEF) and LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVI) in these patients at baseline and after 6 months of treatment. While a significant increase in the LVEF as compared with that at the baseline was observed in both groups, no significant difference was found in the rate of change of this parameter between the two groups. However, inverse correlations were observed between the baseline LVEF and LVEDVI and also the rates of change of the two parameters, suggesting that the greater the compromise of the LV function at baseline, the greater the preventive effect of both classes of drugs on LV remodeling. CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that neither enalapril nor losartan is superior to the other in terms of the effect on LV remodeling after MI in Japanese patients. In addition, the suppressive effect of both classes of drugs on LV remodeling was greater in patients with more extensive infarction and greater compromise of LV function at baseline.