Tazarotene versus tazarotene plus clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide in the treatment of acne vulgaris: a multicenter, double-blind, randomized parallel-group trial.
Author(s): Tanghetti E, Abramovits W, Solomon B, Loven K, Shalita A
Affiliation(s): Department of Dermatology, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2006-03, J Drugs Dermatol., 5(3):256-61.
Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
Topical retinoids offer highly effective treatment for both inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne, with tazarotene demonstrating greater efficacy than other topical retinoids. A multicenter, double-blind, randomized, parallel-group trial has been performed to evaluate whether the adjunctive use of clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide could enhance the efficacy of tazarotene still further. Patients with moderate to severe inflammatory acne applied tazarotene 0.1% cream each evening and were randomly assigned to morning applications of vehicle gel or a ready-to-dispense formulation of clindamycin 1%/benzoyl peroxide 5 % gel containing 2 emollients. Tazarotene/clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide achieved a significantly greater reduction in comedo count than tazarotene monotherapy and, among patients with a baseline papule plus pustule count of > or =25 (the median value), a significantly greater reduction in inflammatory lesion count. The combination therapy was also at least as well-tolerated as tazarotene monotherapy. The adjunctive use of clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel with tazarotene cream promotes greater efficacy and may also enhance tolerability. Any improvements in tolerability could be due to the emollients in the clindamycin/benzoyl peroxide gel formulation.