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Interactions between atazanavir-ritonavir and tenofovir in heavily pretreated human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.

Author(s): Taburet AM, Piketty C, Chazallon C, Vincent I, Gerard L, Calvez V, Clavel F, Aboulker JP, Girard PM

Affiliation(s): Clinical Pharmacy, Hospital Bicetre-Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris, 78 rue du General Leclerc, 94270 Kremlin Bicetre, France. anne-marie.taburet@bct.ap-hop-paris.fr

Publication date & source: 2004-06, Antimicrob Agents Chemother., 48(6):2091-6.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of the present study was to assess the pharmacokinetic behavior of atazanavir-ritonavir when it is coadministered with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (DF) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Eleven patients enrolled in Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le SIDA (National Agency for AIDS Research, Paris, France) trial 107 were included in this pharmacokinetic study. They received atazanavir at 300 mg and ritonavir at 100 mg once a day (QD) from day 1 to the end of study. For the first 2 weeks, their nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) treatments remained unchanged. Tenofovir DF was administered QD from day 15 to the end of the study. Ongoing NRTIs were selected according to the reverse transcriptase genotype of the HIV isolates from each patient. The values of the pharmacokinetic parameters for atazanavir and ritonavir were measured before (day 14 [week 2]) and after (day 42 [week 6]) initiation of tenofovir DF and are reported for the 10 patients who completed the study. There was a significant decrease in the area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC(0-24)) for atazanavir with the addition of tenofovir DF (AUC(0-24) ratio, 0.75; 90% confidence interval, 0.58 to 0.97; P = 0.05). There was a trend for a decrease in the minimum concentrations of atazanavir and ritonavir in plasma when they were combined with tenofovir, but none of the differences reached statistical significance. The median decreases in the HIV RNA loads at week 2 and week 6 were 0.1 and 0.2 log copies/ml, respectively. In summary, our data are consistent with the existence of a significant interaction between atazanavir and tenofovir DF.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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