Regulation of aldosterone secretion in patients with chronic congestive heart failure by endothelins.
Author(s): Sutsch G, Bertel O, Rickenbacher P, Clozel M, Yandle TG, Nicholls MG, Kiowski W
Affiliation(s): Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2000-04-15, Am J Cardiol., 85(8):973-6.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
We studied acute (day 1) and long-term (day 14) effects of endothelin (ET) receptor blockade with the mixed ET(A/B) antagonist bosentan (1 g twice daily; n = 18) or placebo (n = 12) on plasma angiotensin II and aldosterone in 30 patients with symptomatic chronic heart failure taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diuretics, and digoxin. Hormones were determined before and 3 hours after morning doses of diuretics and digoxin and the double-blind study drug, respectively, on days 1 and 14. On day 1, angiotensin II increased from 16.1+/-17.9 to 27.6+/-5.6 ng/L (p <0.05) with bosentan and similarly with placebo (15.5+/-9.3 and 36.0+/-49.1 ng/L, p = 0.06) after the morning dose of diuretics and digoxin. Aldosterone tended to increase from 322+/-239 to 362+/-254 pmol/L (bosentan) and from 271+/-70 to 297+/-136 pmol/L (placebo). On day 14, before drug intake, angiotensin II was unchanged compared with day 1 in both groups. However, aldosterone was lower than on day 1 with bosentan (213+/-124 vs. 322+/-239 pmol/L, p<0.05) and remained below baseline values 3 hours after drug intake, whereas it was unchanged with placebo. Thus, short-term ET(A/B) receptor antagonism decreases basal aldosterone secretion independently of angiotensin II, suggesting that ET participates in the regulation of aldosterone in patients already treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and diuretics.