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Differential effect of two nicotinic acid preparations on low-density lipoprotein subclass distribution in patients classified as low-density lipoprotein pattern A, B, or I.

Author(s): Superko HR, McGovern ME, Raul E, Garrett B

Affiliation(s): Fuqua Center for Prevention, Fuqua Heart Center/Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia USA. rsuperko@heartdisease.org.

Publication date & source: 2004-09-01, Am J Cardiol., 94(5):588-94.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

We tested the hypothesis that treatment with nicotinic acid results in a differential blood lipid response in subjects classified as having a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) pattern A or B. One hundred eighty hypercholesterolemic subjects were randomized to placebo (n = 61), immediate-release niacin (3,000 mg/day, n = 59), or extended-release niacin (1,500 mg/day, n = 60) for 14 weeks. Lipids and lipoprotein cholesterol were determined with enzymatic methods. LDL subclass distribution was determined with 2% to 16% polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis. Extended- and immediate-release niacin had significant effects on the decrease of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apoprotein B, lipoprotein(a), and apoprotein A-I and significantly increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The 2 nicotinic acid compounds and doses significantly increased mean LDL peak particle diameter and percent distribution in large LDL I and IIa, with a significant decrease in small LDL IIIa, IIIb, and IVb. In patients with LDL pattern B compared with those with pattern A, extended-release niacin (1,500 mg/day) increased LDL peak particle diameter significantly more and decreased the percent distributions of small LDL IIIa, LDL IIIb, and LDL IVa significantly more. With 3,000 mg/day, immediate-release nicotinic acid in patients with LDL pattern B exhibited a significantly greater increase in LDL peak particle diameter and large LDL IIa and IIb and significantly greater decreases in small LDL IIIa, IIIb, and IVa compared with patients with pattern A. These differences in response between patients with LDL pattern A and those with pattern B were not reflected by changes in the standard lipid profile, including apoproteins A-I and B. Nicotinic acid has a significantly different effect on lipids and lipoprotein subclass distribution in subjects classified as having LDL subclass pattern A or B. Nicotinic acid has a significantly greater effect on the decrease of small LDL subclass distribution and increase in LDL peak particle diameter in pattern B versus pattern A. Copyright 2004 Excerpta Medica, Inc.

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